source: chapter06/bash.xml@ 71ab47c

multilib-10.1 multilib-before-cross
Last change on this file since 71ab47c was 71ab47c, checked in by Thomas Trepl <thomas@…>, 2 years ago

MultiLib: Merge changes from trunk

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-bash" role="wrap">
9 <?dbhtml filename="bash.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>bash</productname>
13 <productnumber>&bash-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&bash-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>Bash-&bash-version;</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bash">
20 <primary sortas="a-Bash">Bash</primary>
21 </indexterm>
22
23 <sect2 role="package">
24 <title/>
25
26 <para>The Bash package contains the Bourne-Again SHell.</para>
27
28 <segmentedlist>
29 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
30 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
31
32 <seglistitem>
33 <seg>&bash-ch6-sbu;</seg>
34 <seg>&bash-ch6-du;</seg>
35 </seglistitem>
36 </segmentedlist>
37
38 </sect2>
39
40 <sect2 role="installation">
41 <title>Installation of Bash</title>
42
43 <para>Incorporate some upstream fixes:</para>
44
45<screen><userinput remap="pre">patch -Np1 -i ../&bash-fixes-patch;</userinput></screen>
46
47 <para>Prepare Bash for compilation:</para>
48
49<screen><userinput remap="configure">./configure --prefix=/usr \
50 --docdir=/usr/share/doc/bash-&bash-version; \
51 --without-bash-malloc \
52 --with-installed-readline</userinput></screen>
53
54 <variablelist>
55 <title>The meaning of the new configure option:</title>
56
57 <varlistentry>
58 <term><parameter>--with-installed-readline</parameter></term>
59 <listitem>
60 <para>This option tells Bash to use the <filename
61 class="libraryfile">readline</filename> library that is already
62 installed on the system rather than using its own readline
63 version.</para>
64 </listitem>
65 </varlistentry>
66
67 </variablelist>
68
69 <para>Compile the package:</para>
70
71<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
72
73 <para>Skip down to <quote>Install the
74 package</quote> if not running the test suite.</para>
75
76 <para>To prepare the tests, ensure that the <systemitem class="username">nobody</systemitem> user can write to the sources tree:</para>
77
78<screen><userinput remap="test">chown -Rv nobody .</userinput></screen>
79
80 <para>Now, run the tests as the <systemitem
81 class="username">nobody</systemitem> user:</para>
82
83<screen><userinput remap="test">su nobody -s /bin/bash -c "PATH=$PATH HOME=/home make tests"</userinput></screen>
84
85 <para>Install the package and move the main executable to
86 <filename class='directory'>/bin</filename>:</para>
87
88<screen><userinput remap="install">make install
89mv -vf /usr/bin/bash /bin</userinput></screen>
90
91 <para>Run the newly compiled <command>bash</command> program (replacing the one that is
92 currently being executed):</para>
93
94<screen role="nodump"><userinput>exec /bin/bash --login +h</userinput></screen>
95
96 <note>
97 <para>The parameters used make the <command>bash</command>
98 process an interactive login shell and continue to disable hashing so
99 that new programs are found as they become available.</para>
100 </note>
101
102 </sect2>
103
104 <sect2 id="contents-bash" role="content">
105 <title>Contents of Bash</title>
106
107 <segmentedlist>
108 <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
109 <segtitle>Installed directory</segtitle>
110
111 <seglistitem>
112 <seg>bash, bashbug, and sh (link to bash)</seg>
113 <seg>/usr/include/bash, /usr/lib/bash, and
114 /usr/share/doc/bash-&bash-version;</seg>
115 </seglistitem>
116 </segmentedlist>
117
118 <variablelist>
119 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
120 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
121 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
122
123 <varlistentry id="bash">
124 <term><command>bash</command></term>
125 <listitem>
126 <para>A widely-used command interpreter; it performs many types of
127 expansions and substitutions on a given command line before executing
128 it, thus making this interpreter a powerful tool</para>
129 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bash bash">
130 <primary sortas="b-bash">bash</primary>
131 </indexterm>
132 </listitem>
133 </varlistentry>
134
135 <varlistentry id="bashbug">
136 <term><command>bashbug</command></term>
137 <listitem>
138 <para>A shell script to help the user compose and mail standard
139 formatted bug reports concerning <command>bash</command></para>
140 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bash bashbug">
141 <primary sortas="b-bashbug">bashbug</primary>
142 </indexterm>
143 </listitem>
144 </varlistentry>
145
146 <varlistentry id="sh">
147 <term><command>sh</command></term>
148 <listitem>
149 <para>A symlink to the <command>bash</command> program; when invoked
150 as <command>sh</command>, <command>bash</command> tries to mimic the
151 startup behavior of historical versions of <command>sh</command> as
152 closely as possible, while conforming to the POSIX standard as
153 well</para>
154 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bash sh">
155 <primary sortas="b-sh">sh</primary>
156 </indexterm>
157 </listitem>
158 </varlistentry>
159
160 </variablelist>
161
162 </sect2>
163
164</sect1>
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