source: chapter06/findutils.xml@ 2dea807

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-findutils" role="wrap">
9 <?dbhtml filename="findutils.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>findutils</productname>
13 <productnumber>&findutils-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&findutils-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>Findutils-&findutils-version;</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils">
20 <primary sortas="a-Findutils">Findutils</primary>
21 </indexterm>
22
23 <sect2 role="package">
24 <title/>
25
26 <para>The Findutils package contains programs to find files. These programs
27 are provided to recursively search through a directory tree and to
28 create, maintain, and search a database (often faster than the recursive
29 find, but unreliable if the database has not been recently updated).</para>
30
31 <segmentedlist>
32 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
33 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
34
35 <seglistitem>
36 <seg>&findutils-ch6-sbu;</seg>
37 <seg>&findutils-ch6-du;</seg>
38 </seglistitem>
39 </segmentedlist>
40
41 </sect2>
42
43 <sect2 role="installation">
44 <title>Installation of Findutils</title>
45
46 <!-- this has been fixed in upstream gnulib, when a new version of
47 findutils is released, please check #4055 to see if the change has been
48 picked up in this package -->
49 <para>First, suppress a test which on some machines can loop forever:</para>
50
51<screen><userinput remap="pre">sed -i 's/test-lock..EXEEXT.//' tests/Makefile.in</userinput></screen>
52
53 <para>Prepare Findutils for compilation:</para>
54
55<screen><userinput remap="configure">./configure --prefix=/usr --localstatedir=/var/lib/locate</userinput></screen>
56
57 <variablelist>
58 <title>The meaning of the configure options:</title>
59
60 <varlistentry>
61 <term><parameter>--localstatedir</parameter></term>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>This option changes the location of the <command>locate</command>
64 database to be in <filename class="directory">/var/lib/locate</filename>,
65 which is FHS-compliant.</para>
66 </listitem>
67 </varlistentry>
68
69 </variablelist>
70
71 <para>Compile the package:</para>
72
73<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
74
75 <para>To test the results, issue:</para>
76
77<screen><userinput remap="test">make check</userinput></screen>
78
79 <para>Install the package:</para>
80
81<screen><userinput remap="install">make install</userinput></screen>
82
83 <para revision="sysv">Some of the scripts in the LFS-Bootscripts package
84 depend on <command>find</command>. As <filename
85 class="directory">/usr</filename> may not be available during the early
86 stages of booting, this program needs to be on the root partition. The
87 <command>updatedb</command> script also needs to be modified to correct an
88 explicit path:</para>
89
90 <para revision="systemd"> Some packages in BLFS and beyond expect the
91 <command>find</command> program in <filename
92 class="directory">/bin</filename>, so make sure it's placed there:</para>
93
94<screen><userinput remap="install">mv -v /usr/bin/find /bin
95sed -i 's|find:=${BINDIR}|find:=/bin|' /usr/bin/updatedb</userinput></screen>
96
97 </sect2>
98
99 <sect2 id="contents-findutils" role="content">
100 <title>Contents of Findutils</title>
101
102 <segmentedlist>
103 <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
104
105 <seglistitem>
106 <seg>code, find, locate, oldfind, updatedb, and xargs</seg>
107 </seglistitem>
108 </segmentedlist>
109
110 <variablelist>
111 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
112 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
113 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
114
115 <varlistentry id="code">
116 <term><command>code</command></term>
117 <listitem>
118 <para>Was formerly used to produce <command>locate</command>
119 databases; it is the ancestor of <command>frcode</command></para>
120 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils code">
121 <primary sortas="b-code">code</primary>
122 </indexterm>
123 </listitem>
124 </varlistentry>
125
126 <varlistentry id="find">
127 <term><command>find</command></term>
128 <listitem>
129 <para>Searches given directory trees for files matching the specified
130 criteria</para>
131 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils find">
132 <primary sortas="b-find">find</primary>
133 </indexterm>
134 </listitem>
135 </varlistentry>
136
137 <varlistentry id="locate">
138 <term><command>locate</command></term>
139 <listitem>
140 <para>Searches through a database of file names and reports the names
141 that contain a given string or match a given pattern</para>
142 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils locate">
143 <primary sortas="b-locate">locate</primary>
144 </indexterm>
145 </listitem>
146 </varlistentry>
147
148 <varlistentry id="oldfind">
149 <term><command>oldfind</command></term>
150 <listitem>
151 <para>Older version of find, using a different algorithm</para>
152 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils oldfind">
153 <primary sortas="b-oldfind">oldfind</primary>
154 </indexterm>
155 </listitem>
156 </varlistentry>
157
158 <varlistentry id="updatedb">
159 <term><command>updatedb</command></term>
160 <listitem>
161 <para>Updates the <command>locate</command> database; it scans the
162 entire file system (including other file systems that are currently
163 mounted, unless told not to) and puts every file name it finds into
164 the database</para>
165 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils updatedb">
166 <primary sortas="b-updatedb">updatedb</primary>
167 </indexterm>
168 </listitem>
169 </varlistentry>
170
171 <varlistentry id="xargs">
172 <term><command>xargs</command></term>
173 <listitem>
174 <para>Can be used to apply a given command to a list of files</para>
175 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils xargs">
176 <primary sortas="b-xargs">xargs</primary>
177 </indexterm>
178 </listitem>
179 </varlistentry>
180
181 </variablelist>
182
183 </sect2>
184
185</sect1>
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