source: chapter06/findutils.xml@ 5e009ae

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-findutils" role="wrap">
9 <?dbhtml filename="findutils.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>findutils</productname>
13 <productnumber>&findutils-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&findutils-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>Findutils-&findutils-version;</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils">
20 <primary sortas="a-Findutils">Findutils</primary>
21 </indexterm>
22
23 <sect2 role="package">
24 <title/>
25
26 <para>The Findutils package contains programs to find files. These programs
27 are provided to recursively search through a directory tree and to
28 create, maintain, and search a database (often faster than the recursive
29 find, but unreliable if the database has not been recently updated).</para>
30
31 <segmentedlist>
32 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
33 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
34
35 <seglistitem>
36 <seg>&findutils-ch6-sbu;</seg>
37 <seg>&findutils-ch6-du;</seg>
38 </seglistitem>
39 </segmentedlist>
40
41 </sect2>
42
43 <sect2 role="installation">
44 <title>Installation of Findutils</title>
45
46 <para>Prepare Findutils for compilation:</para>
47
48<screen><userinput remap="configure">./configure --prefix=/usr --localstatedir=/var/lib/locate</userinput></screen>
49
50 <variablelist>
51 <title>The meaning of the configure options:</title>
52
53 <varlistentry>
54 <term><parameter>--localstatedir</parameter></term>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>This option changes the location of the <command>locate</command>
57 database to be in <filename class="directory">/var/lib/locate</filename>,
58 which is FHS-compliant.</para>
59 </listitem>
60 </varlistentry>
61
62 </variablelist>
63
64 <para>Compile the package:</para>
65
66<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
67
68 <para>To test the results, issue:</para>
69
70<screen><userinput remap="test">make check</userinput></screen>
71
72 <para>Install the package:</para>
73
74<screen><userinput remap="install">make install</userinput></screen>
75
76 <para>Two tests are known to fail in the chroot environment:
77 sv-bug-54171.old-O3 and sv-bug-54171.new-O3.</para>
78
79 <para revision="sysv">Some of the scripts in the LFS-Bootscripts package
80 depend on <command>find</command>. As <filename
81 class="directory">/usr</filename> may not be available during the early
82 stages of booting, this program needs to be on the root partition. The
83 <command>updatedb</command> script also needs to be modified to correct an
84 explicit path:</para>
85
86 <para revision="systemd"> Some packages in BLFS and beyond expect the
87 <command>find</command> program in <filename
88 class="directory">/bin</filename>, so make sure it's placed there:</para>
89
90<screen><userinput remap="install">mv -v /usr/bin/find /bin
91sed -i 's|find:=${BINDIR}|find:=/bin|' /usr/bin/updatedb</userinput></screen>
92
93 </sect2>
94
95 <sect2 id="contents-findutils" role="content">
96 <title>Contents of Findutils</title>
97
98 <segmentedlist>
99 <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
100 <segtitle>Installed directory</segtitle>
101
102 <seglistitem>
103 <seg>find, locate, updatedb, and xargs</seg>
104 <seg>/var/lib/locate</seg>
105 </seglistitem>
106
107 </segmentedlist>
108
109 <variablelist>
110 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
111 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
112 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
113
114 <varlistentry id="find">
115 <term><command>find</command></term>
116 <listitem>
117 <para>Searches given directory trees for files matching the specified
118 criteria</para>
119 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils find">
120 <primary sortas="b-find">find</primary>
121 </indexterm>
122 </listitem>
123 </varlistentry>
124
125 <varlistentry id="locate">
126 <term><command>locate</command></term>
127 <listitem>
128 <para>Searches through a database of file names and reports the names
129 that contain a given string or match a given pattern</para>
130 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils locate">
131 <primary sortas="b-locate">locate</primary>
132 </indexterm>
133 </listitem>
134 </varlistentry>
135
136 <varlistentry id="updatedb">
137 <term><command>updatedb</command></term>
138 <listitem>
139 <para>Updates the <command>locate</command> database; it scans the
140 entire file system (including other file systems that are currently
141 mounted, unless told not to) and puts every file name it finds into
142 the database</para>
143 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils updatedb">
144 <primary sortas="b-updatedb">updatedb</primary>
145 </indexterm>
146 </listitem>
147 </varlistentry>
148
149 <varlistentry id="xargs">
150 <term><command>xargs</command></term>
151 <listitem>
152 <para>Can be used to apply a given command to a list of files</para>
153 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils xargs">
154 <primary sortas="b-xargs">xargs</primary>
155 </indexterm>
156 </listitem>
157 </varlistentry>
158
159 </variablelist>
160
161 </sect2>
162
163</sect1>
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