source: chapter06/findutils.xml@ efca30a

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Last change on this file since efca30a was efca30a, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 3 years ago

Update to glibc-2.28.
Update to gdbm-1.17.
Update to linux-4.17.11.
Update to man-db-2.8.4.

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-findutils" role="wrap">
9 <?dbhtml filename="findutils.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>findutils</productname>
13 <productnumber>&findutils-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&findutils-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>Findutils-&findutils-version;</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils">
20 <primary sortas="a-Findutils">Findutils</primary>
21 </indexterm>
22
23 <sect2 role="package">
24 <title/>
25
26 <para>The Findutils package contains programs to find files. These programs
27 are provided to recursively search through a directory tree and to
28 create, maintain, and search a database (often faster than the recursive
29 find, but unreliable if the database has not been recently updated).</para>
30
31 <segmentedlist>
32 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
33 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
34
35 <seglistitem>
36 <seg>&findutils-ch6-sbu;</seg>
37 <seg>&findutils-ch6-du;</seg>
38 </seglistitem>
39 </segmentedlist>
40
41 </sect2>
42
43 <sect2 role="installation">
44 <title>Installation of Findutils</title>
45
46 <!-- this has been fixed in upstream gnulib, when a new version of
47 findutils is released, please check #4055 to see if the change has been
48 picked up in this package -->
49 <para>First, suppress a test which on some machines can loop forever:</para>
50
51<screen><userinput remap="pre">sed -i 's/test-lock..EXEEXT.//' tests/Makefile.in</userinput></screen>
52
53 <para>Next, make some fixes required by glibc-2.28:</para>
54
55<screen><userinput remap="pre">sed -i 's/IO_ftrylockfile/IO_EOF_SEEN/' gl/lib/*.c
56sed -i '/unistd/a #include &lt;sys/sysmacros.h&gt;' gl/lib/mountlist.c
57echo "#define _IO_IN_BACKUP 0x100" >> gl/lib/stdio-impl.h</userinput></screen>
58
59 <para>Prepare Findutils for compilation:</para>
60
61<screen><userinput remap="configure">./configure --prefix=/usr --localstatedir=/var/lib/locate</userinput></screen>
62
63 <variablelist>
64 <title>The meaning of the configure options:</title>
65
66 <varlistentry>
67 <term><parameter>--localstatedir</parameter></term>
68 <listitem>
69 <para>This option changes the location of the <command>locate</command>
70 database to be in <filename class="directory">/var/lib/locate</filename>,
71 which is FHS-compliant.</para>
72 </listitem>
73 </varlistentry>
74
75 </variablelist>
76
77 <para>Compile the package:</para>
78
79<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
80
81 <para>To test the results, issue:</para>
82
83<screen><userinput remap="test">make check</userinput></screen>
84
85 <para>Install the package:</para>
86
87<screen><userinput remap="install">make install</userinput></screen>
88
89 <para revision="sysv">Some of the scripts in the LFS-Bootscripts package
90 depend on <command>find</command>. As <filename
91 class="directory">/usr</filename> may not be available during the early
92 stages of booting, this program needs to be on the root partition. The
93 <command>updatedb</command> script also needs to be modified to correct an
94 explicit path:</para>
95
96 <para revision="systemd"> Some packages in BLFS and beyond expect the
97 <command>find</command> program in <filename
98 class="directory">/bin</filename>, so make sure it's placed there:</para>
99
100<screen><userinput remap="install">mv -v /usr/bin/find /bin
101sed -i 's|find:=${BINDIR}|find:=/bin|' /usr/bin/updatedb</userinput></screen>
102
103 </sect2>
104
105 <sect2 id="contents-findutils" role="content">
106 <title>Contents of Findutils</title>
107
108 <segmentedlist>
109 <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
110
111 <seglistitem>
112 <seg>code, find, locate, oldfind, updatedb, and xargs</seg>
113 </seglistitem>
114 </segmentedlist>
115
116 <variablelist>
117 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
118 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
119 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
120
121 <varlistentry id="code">
122 <term><command>code</command></term>
123 <listitem>
124 <para>Was formerly used to produce <command>locate</command>
125 databases; it is the ancestor of <command>frcode</command></para>
126 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils code">
127 <primary sortas="b-code">code</primary>
128 </indexterm>
129 </listitem>
130 </varlistentry>
131
132 <varlistentry id="find">
133 <term><command>find</command></term>
134 <listitem>
135 <para>Searches given directory trees for files matching the specified
136 criteria</para>
137 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils find">
138 <primary sortas="b-find">find</primary>
139 </indexterm>
140 </listitem>
141 </varlistentry>
142
143 <varlistentry id="locate">
144 <term><command>locate</command></term>
145 <listitem>
146 <para>Searches through a database of file names and reports the names
147 that contain a given string or match a given pattern</para>
148 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils locate">
149 <primary sortas="b-locate">locate</primary>
150 </indexterm>
151 </listitem>
152 </varlistentry>
153
154 <varlistentry id="oldfind">
155 <term><command>oldfind</command></term>
156 <listitem>
157 <para>Older version of find, using a different algorithm</para>
158 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils oldfind">
159 <primary sortas="b-oldfind">oldfind</primary>
160 </indexterm>
161 </listitem>
162 </varlistentry>
163
164 <varlistentry id="updatedb">
165 <term><command>updatedb</command></term>
166 <listitem>
167 <para>Updates the <command>locate</command> database; it scans the
168 entire file system (including other file systems that are currently
169 mounted, unless told not to) and puts every file name it finds into
170 the database</para>
171 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils updatedb">
172 <primary sortas="b-updatedb">updatedb</primary>
173 </indexterm>
174 </listitem>
175 </varlistentry>
176
177 <varlistentry id="xargs">
178 <term><command>xargs</command></term>
179 <listitem>
180 <para>Can be used to apply a given command to a list of files</para>
181 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils xargs">
182 <primary sortas="b-xargs">xargs</primary>
183 </indexterm>
184 </listitem>
185 </varlistentry>
186
187 </variablelist>
188
189 </sect2>
190
191</sect1>
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