source: chapter06/gcc-pass2.xml@ c0c616a

10.0 10.1 10.1-rc1 11.0 11.0-rc1 11.0-rc2 11.0-rc3 11.1 11.1-rc1 arm ml-11.0 multilib s6-init trunk xry111/clfs-ng xry111/git-transition xry111/glibc-2.34 xry111/lfs-next xry111/tester-nohack xry111/usr-move
Last change on this file since c0c616a was c0c616a, checked in by Xi Ruoyao <xry111@…>, 2 years ago

fix some typos

git-svn-id: http://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/LFS/trunk/BOOK@12029 4aa44e1e-78dd-0310-a6d2-fbcd4c07a689

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File size: 5.5 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-tools-gcc-pass2" role="wrap" xreflabel="gcc-pass2">
9 <?dbhtml filename="gcc-pass2.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>gcc-pass2</productname>
13 <productnumber>&gcc-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&gcc-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>GCC-&gcc-version; - Pass 2</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-tools-gcc-pass2">
20 <primary sortas="a-GCC">GCC</primary>
21 <secondary>tools, pass 2</secondary>
22 </indexterm>
23
24 <sect2 role="package">
25 <title/>
26
27 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
28 href="../chapter08/gcc.xml"
29 xpointer="xpointer(/sect1/sect2[1]/para[1])"/>
30
31 <segmentedlist>
32 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
33 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
34
35 <seglistitem>
36 <seg>&gcc-tmpp2-sbu;</seg>
37 <seg>&gcc-tmpp2-du;</seg>
38 </seglistitem>
39 </segmentedlist>
40
41 </sect2>
42
43 <sect2 role="installation">
44 <title>Installation of GCC</title>
45
46 <para>As in the first build of GCC, the GMP, MPFR, and MPC packages are
47 required. Unpack the tarballs and move them into the required directory
48 names:</para>
49
50<screen><userinput remap="pre">tar -xf ../mpfr-&mpfr-version;.tar.xz
51mv -v mpfr-&mpfr-version; mpfr
52tar -xf ../gmp-&gmp-version;.tar.xz
53mv -v gmp-&gmp-version; gmp
54tar -xf ../mpc-&mpc-version;.tar.gz
55mv -v mpc-&mpc-version; mpc</userinput></screen>
56
57 <para>If building on x86_64, change the default directory name for 64-bit
58 libraries to <quote>lib</quote>:</para>
59
60<screen><userinput remap="pre">case $(uname -m) in
61 x86_64)
62 sed -e '/m64=/s/lib64/lib/' -i.orig gcc/config/i386/t-linux64
63 ;;
64esac</userinput></screen>
65<!--
66 <para>Fix an issue with GCC-10.1 when building with a cross
67 compiler:</para>
68
69<screen><userinput remap="pre">patch -Np1 -i ../&gcc-cross-patch;</userinput></screen>
70-->
71 <para>Create a separate build directory again:</para>
72
73<screen><userinput remap="pre">mkdir -v build
74cd build</userinput></screen>
75
76 <para>Create a symlink that allows libgcc to be built with posix threads
77 support:</para>
78
79<screen><userinput remap="pre">mkdir -pv $LFS_TGT/libgcc
80ln -s ../../../libgcc/gthr-posix.h $LFS_TGT/libgcc/gthr-default.h</userinput></screen>
81
82 <para>Before starting to build GCC, remember to unset any environment
83 variables that override the default optimization flags.</para>
84
85 <para>Now prepare GCC for compilation:</para>
86
87<screen><userinput remap="configure">../configure \
88 --build=$(../config.guess) \
89 --host=$LFS_TGT \
90 --prefix=/usr \
91 CC_FOR_TARGET=$LFS_TGT-gcc \
92 --with-build-sysroot=$LFS \
93 --enable-initfini-array \
94 --disable-nls \
95 --disable-multilib \
96 --disable-decimal-float \
97 --disable-libatomic \
98 --disable-libgomp \
99 --disable-libquadmath \
100 --disable-libssp \
101 --disable-libvtv \
102 --disable-libstdcxx \
103 --enable-languages=c,c++</userinput></screen>
104
105 <variablelist>
106 <title>The meaning of the new configure options:</title><!-- WIP -->
107
108 <varlistentry>
109 <term><parameter>-with-build-sysroot=$LFS</parameter></term>
110 <listitem>
111 <para>Normally, using <parameter>--host</parameter> ensures that
112 a cross-compiler is used for building GCC, and that compiler knows
113 that it has to look for headers and libraries in <filename
114 class="directory">$LFS</filename>. But the build system of GCC uses
115 other tools, which are not aware of this location. This switch is
116 needed to have them find the needed files in <filename
117 class="directory">$LFS</filename>, and not on the host.</para>
118 </listitem>
119 </varlistentry>
120
121 <varlistentry>
122 <term><parameter>--enable-initfini-array</parameter></term>
123 <listitem>
124 <para>This option is automatically enabled when building a native
125 compiler with a native compiler on x86. But here, we build with
126 a cross compiler, so we need to explicitly set this option.</para>
127 </listitem>
128 </varlistentry>
129
130 </variablelist>
131
132 <para>Compile the package:</para>
133
134<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
135
136 <para>Install the package:</para>
137
138<screen><userinput remap="install">make DESTDIR=$LFS install</userinput></screen>
139
140 <para>As a finishing touch, create a utility symlink. Many programs and scripts
141 run <command>cc</command> instead of <command>gcc</command>, which is
142 used to keep programs generic and therefore usable on all kinds of UNIX
143 systems where the GNU C compiler is not always installed. Running
144 <command>cc</command> leaves the system administrator free to decide
145 which C compiler to install:</para>
146
147<screen><userinput remap="install">ln -sv gcc $LFS/usr/bin/cc</userinput></screen>
148
149 </sect2>
150
151 <sect2 role="content">
152 <title/>
153
154 <para>Details on this package are located in
155 <xref linkend="contents-gcc" role="."/></para>
156
157 </sect2>
158
159</sect1>
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