source: chapter06/kbd.xml@ 9c5cdd8a

10.0 10.0-rc1 10.1 10.1-rc1 11.0 11.0-rc1 11.0-rc2 11.0-rc3 ml-11.0 multilib old-trunk trunk xry111/git-transition xry111/glibc-2.34 xry111/tester-nohack xry111/usr-move
Last change on this file since 9c5cdd8a was 9c5cdd8a, checked in by Xi Ruoyao <xry111@…>, 20 months ago

remove some unnecessary envs

git-svn-id: http://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/LFS/trunk/BOOK@11876 4aa44e1e-78dd-0310-a6d2-fbcd4c07a689

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-kbd" role="wrap">
9 <?dbhtml filename="kbd.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>kbd</productname>
13 <productnumber>&kbd-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&kbd-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>Kbd-&kbd-version;</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd">
20 <primary sortas="a-Kbd">Kbd</primary>
21 </indexterm>
22
23 <sect2 role="package">
24 <title/>
25
26 <para>The Kbd package contains key-table files, console fonts, and keyboard
27 utilities.</para>
28
29 <segmentedlist>
30 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
31 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
32
33 <seglistitem>
34 <seg>&kbd-ch6-sbu;</seg>
35 <seg>&kbd-ch6-du;</seg>
36 </seglistitem>
37 </segmentedlist>
38
39 </sect2>
40
41 <sect2 role="installation">
42 <title>Installation of Kbd</title>
43
44 <para>The behaviour of the Backspace and Delete keys is not consistent
45 across the keymaps in the Kbd package. The following patch fixes this
46 issue for i386 keymaps:</para>
47
48<screen><userinput remap="pre">patch -Np1 -i ../&kbd-backspace-patch;</userinput></screen>
49
50 <para>After patching, the Backspace key generates the character with code 127,
51 and the Delete key generates a well-known escape sequence.</para>
52
53 <para>Remove the redundant <command>resizecons</command> program (it requires
54 the defunct svgalib to provide the video mode files - for normal use
55 <command>setfont</command> sizes the console appropriately) together with its
56 manpage.</para>
57
58<screen><userinput remap="pre">sed -i 's/\(RESIZECONS_PROGS=\)yes/\1no/g' configure
59sed -i 's/resizecons.8 //' docs/man/man8/Makefile.in</userinput></screen>
60
61 <para>Prepare Kbd for compilation:</para>
62
63<screen><userinput remap="configure">./configure --prefix=/usr --disable-vlock</userinput></screen>
64
65 <variablelist>
66 <title>The meaning of the configure options:</title>
67<!--
68 <varlistentry>
69 <term><parameter>- -datadir=/lib/kbd</parameter></term>
70 <listitem>
71 <para>This option puts keyboard layout data in a directory that will
72 always be on the root partition instead of the default <filename
73 class="directory">/usr/share/kbd</filename>.</para>
74 </listitem>
75 </varlistentry>
76-->
77 <varlistentry>
78 <term><parameter>--disable-vlock</parameter></term>
79 <listitem>
80 <para>This option prevents the vlock utility from being built, as it
81 requires the PAM library, which isn't available in the chroot
82 environment.</para>
83 </listitem>
84 </varlistentry>
85
86 </variablelist>
87
88 <para>Compile the package:</para>
89
90<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
91
92 <para>To test the results, issue:</para>
93
94<screen><userinput remap="test">make check</userinput></screen>
95
96 <para>Install the package:</para>
97
98<screen><userinput remap="install">make install</userinput></screen>
99
100 <note>
101 <para>For some languages (e.g., Belarusian) the Kbd package doesn't
102 provide a useful keymap where the stock <quote>by</quote> keymap assumes
103 the ISO-8859-5 encoding, and the CP1251 keymap is normally used. Users of
104 such languages have to download working keymaps separately.</para>
105 </note>
106
107<!--
108 <para>Some of the scripts in the LFS-Bootscripts package depend on
109 <command>kbd_mode</command>, <command>loadkeys</command>,
110 <command>openvt</command>, and
111 <command>setfont</command>. As <filename class="directory">/usr</filename>
112 may not be available during the early stages of booting, those binaries
113 need to be on the root partition:</para>
114
115<screen><userinput remap="install">mv -v /usr/bin/{kbd_mode,loadkeys,openvt,setfont} /bin</userinput></screen>
116-->
117 <para>If desired, install the documentation:</para>
118
119<screen><userinput remap="install">mkdir -v /usr/share/doc/kbd-&kbd-version;
120cp -R -v docs/doc/* /usr/share/doc/kbd-&kbd-version;</userinput></screen>
121
122 </sect2>
123
124 <sect2 id="contents-kbd" role="content">
125 <title>Contents of Kbd</title>
126
127 <segmentedlist>
128 <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
129 <segtitle>Installed directories</segtitle>
130
131 <seglistitem>
132 <seg>chvt, deallocvt, dumpkeys, fgconsole, getkeycodes, kbdinfo,
133 kbd_mode, kbdrate, loadkeys, loadunimap,
134 mapscrn, openvt, psfaddtable (link to psfxtable), psfgettable (link to
135 psfxtable), psfstriptable (link to psfxtable), psfxtable, <!--resizecons,-->
136 setfont, setkeycodes, setleds, setmetamode, setvtrgb,
137 showconsolefont, showkey, unicode_start, and unicode_stop</seg>
138 <seg>/usr/share/consolefonts, /usr/share/consoletrans, /usr/share/keymaps,
139 /usr/share/doc/kbd-&kbd-version;, and /usr/share/unimaps</seg>
140 </seglistitem>
141 </segmentedlist>
142
143 <variablelist>
144 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
145 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
146 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
147
148 <varlistentry id="chvt">
149 <term><command>chvt</command></term>
150 <listitem>
151 <para>Changes the foreground virtual terminal</para>
152 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd chvt">
153 <primary sortas="b-chvt">chvt</primary>
154 </indexterm>
155 </listitem>
156 </varlistentry>
157
158 <varlistentry id="deallocvt">
159 <term><command>deallocvt</command></term>
160 <listitem>
161 <para>Deallocates unused virtual terminals</para>
162 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd deallocvt">
163 <primary sortas="b-deallocvt">deallocvt</primary>
164 </indexterm>
165 </listitem>
166 </varlistentry>
167
168 <varlistentry id="dumpkeys">
169 <term><command>dumpkeys</command></term>
170 <listitem>
171 <para>Dumps the keyboard translation tables</para>
172 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd dumpkeys">
173 <primary sortas="b-dumpkeys">dumpkeys</primary>
174 </indexterm>
175 </listitem>
176 </varlistentry>
177
178 <varlistentry id="fgconsole">
179 <term><command>fgconsole</command></term>
180 <listitem>
181 <para>Prints the number of the active virtual terminal</para>
182 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd fgconsole">
183 <primary sortas="b-fgconsole">fgconsole</primary>
184 </indexterm>
185 </listitem>
186 </varlistentry>
187
188 <varlistentry id="getkeycodes">
189 <term><command>getkeycodes</command></term>
190 <listitem>
191 <para>Prints the kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table</para>
192 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd getkeycodes">
193 <primary sortas="b-getkeycodes">getkeycodes</primary>
194 </indexterm>
195 </listitem>
196 </varlistentry>
197
198 <varlistentry id="kbdinfo">
199 <term><command>kbdinfo</command></term>
200 <listitem>
201 <para>Obtains information about the status of a console</para>
202 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd kbdinfo">
203 <primary sortas="b-kbdinfo">kbdinfo</primary>
204 </indexterm>
205 </listitem>
206 </varlistentry>
207
208 <varlistentry id="kbd_mode">
209 <term><command>kbd_mode</command></term>
210 <listitem>
211 <para>Reports or sets the keyboard mode</para>
212 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd kbd_mode">
213 <primary sortas="b-kbd_mode">kbd_mode</primary>
214 </indexterm>
215 </listitem>
216 </varlistentry>
217
218 <varlistentry id="kbdrate">
219 <term><command>kbdrate</command></term>
220 <listitem>
221 <para>Sets the keyboard repeat and delay rates</para>
222 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd kbdrate">
223 <primary sortas="b-kbdrate">kbdrate</primary>
224 </indexterm>
225 </listitem>
226 </varlistentry>
227
228 <varlistentry id="loadkeys">
229 <term><command>loadkeys</command></term>
230 <listitem>
231 <para>Loads the keyboard translation tables</para>
232 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd loadkeys">
233 <primary sortas="b-loadkeys">loadkeys</primary>
234 </indexterm>
235 </listitem>
236 </varlistentry>
237
238 <varlistentry id="loadunimap">
239 <term><command>loadunimap</command></term>
240 <listitem>
241 <para>Loads the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table</para>
242 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd loadunimap">
243 <primary sortas="b-loadunimap">loadunimap</primary>
244 </indexterm>
245 </listitem>
246 </varlistentry>
247
248 <varlistentry id="mapscrn">
249 <term><command>mapscrn</command></term>
250 <listitem>
251 <para>An obsolete program that used to load a user-defined output
252 character mapping table into the console driver; this is now done
253 by <command>setfont</command></para>
254 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd mapscrn">
255 <primary sortas="b-mapscrn">mapscrn</primary>
256 </indexterm>
257 </listitem>
258 </varlistentry>
259
260 <varlistentry id="openvt">
261 <term><command>openvt</command></term>
262 <listitem>
263 <para>Starts a program on a new virtual terminal (VT)</para>
264 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd openvt">
265 <primary sortas="b-openvt">openvt</primary>
266 </indexterm>
267 </listitem>
268 </varlistentry>
269
270 <varlistentry id="psfaddtable">
271 <term><command>psfaddtable</command></term>
272 <listitem>
273 <para>Adds a Unicode character table to a console font</para>
274 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd psfaddtable">
275 <primary sortas="b-psfaddtable">psfaddtable</primary>
276 </indexterm>
277 </listitem>
278 </varlistentry>
279
280 <varlistentry id="psfgettable">
281 <term><command>psfgettable</command></term>
282 <listitem>
283 <para>Extracts the embedded Unicode character table from a console
284 font</para>
285 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd psfgettable">
286 <primary sortas="b-psfgettable">psfgettable</primary>
287 </indexterm>
288 </listitem>
289 </varlistentry>
290
291 <varlistentry id="psfstriptable">
292 <term><command>psfstriptable</command></term>
293 <listitem>
294 <para>Removes the embedded Unicode character table from a console
295 font</para>
296 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd psfstriptable">
297 <primary sortas="b-psfstriptable">psfstriptable</primary>
298 </indexterm>
299 </listitem>
300 </varlistentry>
301
302 <varlistentry id="psfxtable">
303 <term><command>psfxtable</command></term>
304 <listitem>
305 <para>Handles Unicode character tables for console fonts</para>
306 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd psfxtable">
307 <primary sortas="b-psfxtable">psfxtable</primary>
308 </indexterm>
309 </listitem>
310 </varlistentry>
311
312 <varlistentry id="setfont">
313 <term><command>setfont</command></term>
314 <listitem>
315 <para>Changes the Enhanced Graphic Adapter (EGA) and Video Graphics
316 Array (VGA) fonts on the console</para>
317 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setfont">
318 <primary sortas="b-setfont">setfont</primary>
319 </indexterm>
320 </listitem>
321 </varlistentry>
322
323 <varlistentry id="setkeycodes">
324 <term><command>setkeycodes</command></term>
325 <listitem>
326 <para>Loads kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table entries; this is
327 useful if there are unusual keys on the keyboard</para>
328 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setkeycodes">
329 <primary sortas="b-setkeycodes">setkeycodes</primary>
330 </indexterm>
331 </listitem>
332 </varlistentry>
333
334 <varlistentry id="setleds">
335 <term><command>setleds</command></term>
336 <listitem>
337 <para>Sets the keyboard flags and Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)</para>
338 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setleds">
339 <primary sortas="b-setleds">setleds</primary>
340 </indexterm>
341 </listitem>
342 </varlistentry>
343
344 <varlistentry id="setmetamode">
345 <term><command>setmetamode</command></term>
346 <listitem>
347 <para>Defines the keyboard meta-key handling</para>
348 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setmetamode">
349 <primary sortas="b-setmetamode">setmetamode</primary>
350 </indexterm>
351 </listitem>
352 </varlistentry>
353
354 <varlistentry id="setvtrgb">
355 <term><command>setvtrgb</command></term>
356 <listitem>
357 <para>Sets the console color map in all virtual terminals</para>
358 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setvtrgb">
359 <primary sortas="b-setvtrgb">setvtrgb</primary>
360 </indexterm>
361 </listitem>
362 </varlistentry>
363
364 <varlistentry id="showconsolefont">
365 <term><command>showconsolefont</command></term>
366 <listitem>
367 <para>Shows the current EGA/VGA console screen font</para>
368 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd showconsolefont">
369 <primary sortas="b-showconsolefont">showconsolefont</primary>
370 </indexterm>
371 </listitem>
372 </varlistentry>
373
374 <varlistentry id="showkey">
375 <term><command>showkey</command></term>
376 <listitem>
377 <para>Reports the scancodes, keycodes, and ASCII codes of the keys
378 pressed on the keyboard</para>
379 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd showkey">
380 <primary sortas="b-showkey">showkey</primary>
381 </indexterm>
382 </listitem>
383 </varlistentry>
384
385 <varlistentry id="unicode_start">
386 <term><command>unicode_start</command></term>
387 <listitem>
388 <para>Puts the keyboard and console in UNICODE mode [Don't use this
389 program unless your keymap file is in the ISO-8859-1 encoding. For
390 other encodings, this utility produces incorrect results.]</para>
391 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd unicode_start">
392 <primary sortas="b-unicode_start">unicode_start</primary>
393 </indexterm>
394 </listitem>
395 </varlistentry>
396
397 <varlistentry id="unicode_stop">
398 <term><command>unicode_stop</command></term>
399 <listitem>
400 <para>Reverts keyboard and console from UNICODE mode</para>
401 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd unicode_stop">
402 <primary sortas="b-unicode_stop">unicode_stop</primary>
403 </indexterm>
404 </listitem>
405 </varlistentry>
406
407 </variablelist>
408
409 </sect2>
410
411</sect1>
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