source: chapter06/perl.xml@ 5d276d1

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Last change on this file since 5d276d1 was 5d276d1, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 3 years ago

Apply a change to allow Perl to build correctly when

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-perl" role="wrap">
9 <?dbhtml filename="perl.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>perl</productname>
13 <productnumber>&perl-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&perl-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>Perl-&perl-version;</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl">
20 <primary sortas="a-Perl">Perl</primary>
21 </indexterm>
22
23 <sect2 role="package">
24 <title/>
25
26 <para>The Perl package contains the Practical Extraction and Report
27 Language.</para>
28
29 <segmentedlist>
30 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
31 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
32
33 <seglistitem>
34 <seg>&perl-ch6-sbu;</seg>
35 <seg>&perl-ch6-du;</seg>
36 </seglistitem>
37 </segmentedlist>
38
39 </sect2>
40
41 <sect2 role="installation">
42 <title>Installation of Perl</title>
43
44 <para>First create a basic <filename>/etc/hosts</filename> file to be
45 referenced in one of Perl's configuration files as well as the optional
46 test suite:</para>
47
48<screen><userinput remap="pre">echo "127.0.0.1 localhost $(hostname)" &gt; /etc/hosts</userinput></screen>
49
50 <para>This version of Perl now builds the Compress::Raw::Zlib and
51 Compress::Raw::BZip2 modules. By
52 default Perl will use an internal copy of the sources for the build.
53 Issue the following command so that Perl will use the libraries
54 installed on the system:</para>
55
56<screen><userinput remap="pre">export BUILD_ZLIB=False
57export BUILD_BZIP2=0</userinput></screen>
58<!--
59 <para>Apply a patch to allow the Errno.pm module and the h2ph
60 program to build correctly when building with GCC 5:</para>
61
62<screen><userinput remap="pre">patch -Np1 -i ../&perl-gcc5-fixes-patch;</userinput></screen>
63-->
64
65 <para>Apply a change to allow the program to build correctly when building
66 with the latest versions of gcc:</para>
67
68<screen><userinput remap="pre">sed -i 's/67]/6789]/' Configure</userinput></screen>
69
70 <para>To have full control over the way Perl is set up, you can remove the
71 <quote>-des</quote> options from the following command and hand-pick the way
72 this package is built. Alternatively, use the command exactly as below to
73 use the defaults that Perl auto-detects:</para>
74
75<screen><userinput remap="configure">sh Configure -des -Dprefix=/usr \
76 -Dvendorprefix=/usr \
77 -Dman1dir=/usr/share/man/man1 \
78 -Dman3dir=/usr/share/man/man3 \
79 -Dpager="/usr/bin/less -isR" \
80 -Duseshrplib \
81 -Dusethreads</userinput></screen>
82
83 <variablelist>
84 <title>The meaning of the configure options:</title>
85
86 <varlistentry>
87 <term><parameter>-Dvendorprefix=/usr</parameter></term>
88 <listitem>
89 <para>This ensures <command>perl</command> knows how to
90 tell packages where they should install their perl modules.</para>
91 </listitem>
92 </varlistentry>
93
94 <varlistentry>
95 <term><parameter>-Dpager="/usr/bin/less -isR"</parameter></term>
96 <listitem>
97 <para>This ensures that <userinput>less</userinput> is used instead
98 of <userinput>more</userinput>.</para>
99 </listitem>
100 </varlistentry>
101
102 <varlistentry>
103 <term><parameter>-Dman1dir=/usr/share/man/man1
104 -Dman3dir=/usr/share/man/man3</parameter></term>
105 <listitem>
106 <para>Since Groff is not installed yet, <command>Configure</command>
107 thinks that we do not want man pages for Perl. Issuing these
108 parameters overrides this decision.</para>
109 </listitem>
110 </varlistentry>
111
112 <varlistentry>
113 <term><parameter>-Duseshrplib</parameter></term>
114 <listitem>
115 <para>Build a shared libperl needed by some perl modules.</para>
116 </listitem>
117 </varlistentry>
118
119 <varlistentry>
120 <term><parameter>-Dusethreads</parameter></term>
121 <listitem>
122 <para>Build perl with support for threads.</para>
123 </listitem>
124 </varlistentry>
125
126 </variablelist>
127
128 <para>Compile the package:</para>
129
130<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
131
132 <para>To test the results (approximately 11 SBU), issue:</para>
133
134<screen><userinput remap="test">make -k test</userinput></screen>
135
136 <note><para>One test fails due to using the most recent version of gdbm.
137 </para></note>
138
139 <para>Install the package and clean up:</para>
140
141<screen><userinput remap="install">make install
142unset BUILD_ZLIB BUILD_BZIP2</userinput></screen>
143
144 </sect2>
145
146 <sect2 id="contents-perl" role="content">
147 <title>Contents of Perl</title>
148
149 <segmentedlist>
150 <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
151 <segtitle>Installed libraries</segtitle>
152 <segtitle>Installed directory</segtitle>
153
154 <seglistitem>
155 <seg>corelist, cpan, enc2xs, encguess, h2ph, h2xs, instmodsh,
156 json_pp, libnetcfg, perl, perl&perl-version; (hard link to perl),
157 perlbug, perldoc, perlivp, perlthanks (hard link to perlbug), piconv,
158 pl2pm, pod2html, pod2man, pod2text, pod2usage, podchecker, podselect,
159 prove, ptar, ptardiff, ptargrep, shasum,
160 splain, xsubpp, and zipdetails</seg>
161 <seg>Many which cannot all be listed here</seg>
162 <seg>/usr/lib/perl5</seg>
163 </seglistitem>
164 </segmentedlist>
165
166 <variablelist>
167 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
168 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
169 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
170<!--
171 <varlistentry id="c2ph">
172 <term><command>c2ph</command></term>
173 <listitem>
174 <para>Dumps C structures as generated from
175 <command>cc -g -S</command></para>
176 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl c2ph">
177 <primary sortas="b-c2ph">c2ph</primary>
178 </indexterm>
179 </listitem>
180 </varlistentry>
181-->
182 <varlistentry id="corelist">
183 <term><command>corelist</command></term>
184 <listitem>
185 <para>A commandline frontend to Module::CoreList</para>
186 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl corelist">
187 <primary sortas="b-corelist">corelist</primary>
188 </indexterm>
189 </listitem>
190 </varlistentry>
191
192 <varlistentry id="cpan">
193 <term><command>cpan</command></term>
194 <listitem>
195 <para>Interact with the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network (CPAN)
196 from the command line</para>
197 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl cpan">
198 <primary sortas="b-cpan">cpan</primary>
199 </indexterm>
200 </listitem>
201 </varlistentry>
202
203 <varlistentry id="enc2xs">
204 <term><command>enc2xs</command></term>
205 <listitem>
206 <para>Builds a Perl extension for the Encode module from either
207 Unicode Character Mappings or Tcl Encoding Files</para>
208 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl enc2xs">
209 <primary sortas="b-enc2xs">enc2xs</primary>
210 </indexterm>
211 </listitem>
212 </varlistentry>
213
214 <varlistentry id="encguess">
215 <term><command>encguess</command></term>
216 <listitem>
217 <para>Guess the encoding type of one or several files</para>
218 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl encguess">
219 <primary sortas="b-encguess">encguess</primary>
220 </indexterm>
221 </listitem>
222 </varlistentry>
223
224 <varlistentry id="h2ph">
225 <term><command>h2ph</command></term>
226 <listitem>
227 <para>Converts <filename class="extension">.h</filename> C header
228 files to <filename class="extension">.ph</filename> Perl header
229 files</para>
230 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl h2ph">
231 <primary sortas="b-h2ph">h2ph</primary>
232 </indexterm>
233 </listitem>
234 </varlistentry>
235
236 <varlistentry id="h2xs">
237 <term><command>h2xs</command></term>
238 <listitem>
239 <para>Converts <filename class="extension">.h</filename> C header
240 files to Perl extensions</para>
241 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl h2xs">
242 <primary sortas="b-h2xs">h2xs</primary>
243 </indexterm>
244 </listitem>
245 </varlistentry>
246
247 <varlistentry id="instmodsh">
248 <term><command>instmodsh</command></term>
249 <listitem>
250 <para>Shell script for examining installed Perl modules,
251 and can create a tarball from an installed module</para>
252 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl instmodsh">
253 <primary sortas="b-instmodsh">instmodsh</primary>
254 </indexterm>
255 </listitem>
256 </varlistentry>
257
258 <varlistentry id="json_pp">
259 <term><command>json_pp</command></term>
260 <listitem>
261 <para>Converts data between certain input and output formats</para>
262 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl json_pp">
263 <primary sortas="b-json_pp">json_pp</primary>
264 </indexterm>
265 </listitem>
266 </varlistentry>
267
268 <varlistentry id="libnetcfg">
269 <term><command>libnetcfg</command></term>
270 <listitem>
271 <para>Can be used to configure the
272 <filename class="libraryfile">libnet</filename> Perl module</para>
273 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl libnetcfg">
274 <primary sortas="b-libnetcfg">libnetcfg</primary>
275 </indexterm>
276 </listitem>
277 </varlistentry>
278
279 <varlistentry id="perl">
280 <term><command>perl</command></term>
281 <listitem>
282 <para>Combines some of the best features of C, <command>sed</command>,
283 <command>awk</command> and <command>sh</command> into a single
284 swiss-army language</para>
285 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perl">
286 <primary sortas="b-perl">perl</primary>
287 </indexterm>
288 </listitem>
289 </varlistentry>
290
291 <varlistentry id="perl-version">
292 <term><command>perl&perl-version;</command></term>
293 <listitem>
294 <para>A hard link to <command>perl</command></para>
295 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perl-version">
296 <primary sortas="b-perl&perl-version;">perl&perl-version;</primary>
297 </indexterm>
298 </listitem>
299 </varlistentry>
300
301 <varlistentry id="perlbug">
302 <term><command>perlbug</command></term>
303 <listitem>
304 <para>Used to generate bug reports about Perl, or the modules that come
305 with it, and mail them</para>
306 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perlbug">
307 <primary sortas="b-perlbug">perlbug</primary>
308 </indexterm>
309 </listitem>
310 </varlistentry>
311
312 <varlistentry id="perldoc">
313 <term><command>perldoc</command></term>
314 <listitem>
315 <para>Displays a piece of documentation in pod format that is embedded
316 in the Perl installation tree or in a Perl script</para>
317 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perldoc">
318 <primary sortas="b-perldoc">perldoc</primary>
319 </indexterm>
320 </listitem>
321 </varlistentry>
322
323 <varlistentry id="perlivp">
324 <term><command>perlivp</command></term>
325 <listitem>
326 <para>The Perl Installation Verification Procedure; it can be used to
327 verify that Perl and its libraries have been installed
328 correctly</para>
329 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perlivp">
330 <primary sortas="b-perlivp">perlivp</primary>
331 </indexterm>
332 </listitem>
333 </varlistentry>
334
335 <varlistentry id="perlthanks">
336 <term><command>perlthanks</command></term>
337 <listitem>
338 <para>Used to generate thank you messages to mail to the Perl
339 developers</para>
340 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl perlthanks">
341 <primary sortas="b-perlthanks">perlthanks</primary>
342 </indexterm>
343 </listitem>
344 </varlistentry>
345
346 <varlistentry id="piconv">
347 <term><command>piconv</command></term>
348 <listitem>
349 <para>A Perl version of the character encoding converter
350 <command>iconv</command></para>
351 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl piconv">
352 <primary sortas="b-piconv">piconv</primary>
353 </indexterm>
354 </listitem>
355 </varlistentry>
356
357 <varlistentry id="pl2pm">
358 <term><command>pl2pm</command></term>
359 <listitem>
360 <para>A rough tool for converting Perl4
361 <filename class="extension">.pl</filename> files to Perl5
362 <filename class="extension">.pm</filename> modules</para>
363 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pl2pm">
364 <primary sortas="b-pl2pm">pl2pm</primary>
365 </indexterm>
366 </listitem>
367 </varlistentry>
368
369 <varlistentry id="pod2html">
370 <term><command>pod2html</command></term>
371 <listitem>
372 <para>Converts files from pod format to HTML format</para>
373 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pod2html">
374 <primary sortas="b-pod2html">pod2html</primary>
375 </indexterm>
376 </listitem>
377 </varlistentry>
378
379 <varlistentry id="pod2man">
380 <term><command>pod2man</command></term>
381 <listitem>
382 <para>Converts pod data to formatted *roff input</para>
383 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pod2man">
384 <primary sortas="b-pod2man">pod2man</primary>
385 </indexterm>
386 </listitem>
387 </varlistentry>
388
389 <varlistentry id="pod2text">
390 <term><command>pod2text</command></term>
391 <listitem>
392 <para>Converts pod data to formatted ASCII text</para>
393 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pod2text">
394 <primary sortas="b-pod2text">pod2text</primary>
395 </indexterm>
396 </listitem>
397 </varlistentry>
398
399 <varlistentry id="pod2usage">
400 <term><command>pod2usage</command></term>
401 <listitem>
402 <para>Prints usage messages from embedded pod docs in files</para>
403 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pod2usage">
404 <primary sortas="b-pod2usage">pod2usage</primary>
405 </indexterm>
406 </listitem>
407 </varlistentry>
408
409 <varlistentry id="podchecker">
410 <term><command>podchecker</command></term>
411 <listitem>
412 <para>Checks the syntax of pod format documentation files</para>
413 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl podchecker">
414 <primary sortas="b-podchecker">podchecker</primary>
415 </indexterm>
416 </listitem>
417 </varlistentry>
418
419 <varlistentry id="podselect">
420 <term><command>podselect</command></term>
421 <listitem>
422 <para>Displays selected sections of pod documentation</para>
423 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl podselect">
424 <primary sortas="b-podselect">podselect</primary>
425 </indexterm>
426 </listitem>
427 </varlistentry>
428
429 <varlistentry id="prove">
430 <term><command>prove</command></term>
431 <listitem>
432 <para>Command line tool for running tests against the Test::Harness
433 module</para>
434 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl prove">
435 <primary sortas="b-prove">prove</primary>
436 </indexterm>
437 </listitem>
438 </varlistentry>
439<!--
440 <varlistentry id="pstruct">
441 <term><command>pstruct</command></term>
442 <listitem>
443 <para>Dumps C structures as generated from <command>cc -g -S</command>
444 stabs</para>
445 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl pstruct">
446 <primary sortas="b-pstruct">pstruct</primary>
447 </indexterm>
448 </listitem>
449 </varlistentry>
450-->
451 <varlistentry id="ptar">
452 <term><command>ptar</command></term>
453 <listitem>
454 <para>A <command>tar</command>-like program written in Perl</para>
455 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl ptar">
456 <primary sortas="b-ptar">ptar</primary>
457 </indexterm>
458 </listitem>
459 </varlistentry>
460
461 <varlistentry id="ptardiff">
462 <term><command>ptardiff</command></term>
463 <listitem>
464 <para>A Perl program that compares an extracted archive with an
465 unextracted one</para>
466 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl ptardiff">
467 <primary sortas="b-ptardiff">ptardiff</primary>
468 </indexterm>
469 </listitem>
470 </varlistentry>
471
472 <varlistentry id="ptargrep">
473 <term><command>ptargrep</command></term>
474 <listitem>
475 <para>A Perl program that applies pattern matching to the contents
476 of files in a tar archive</para>
477 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl ptargrep">
478 <primary sortas="b-ptargrep">ptargrep</primary>
479 </indexterm>
480 </listitem>
481 </varlistentry>
482
483 <varlistentry id="shasum">
484 <term><command>shasum</command></term>
485 <listitem>
486 <para>Prints or checks SHA checksums</para>
487 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl shasum">
488 <primary sortas="b-shasum">shasum</primary>
489 </indexterm>
490 </listitem>
491 </varlistentry>
492
493 <varlistentry id="splain">
494 <term><command>splain</command></term>
495 <listitem>
496 <para>Is used to force verbose warning diagnostics in Perl</para>
497 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl splain">
498 <primary sortas="b-splain">splain</primary>
499 </indexterm>
500 </listitem>
501 </varlistentry>
502
503 <varlistentry id="xsubpp">
504 <term><command>xsubpp</command></term>
505 <listitem>
506 <para>Converts Perl XS code into C code</para>
507 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl xsubpp">
508 <primary sortas="b-xsubpp">xsubpp</primary>
509 </indexterm>
510 </listitem>
511 </varlistentry>
512
513 <varlistentry id="zipdetails">
514 <term><command>zipdetails</command></term>
515 <listitem>
516 <para>Displays details about the internal structure of a Zip file</para>
517 <indexterm zone="ch-system-perl zipdetails">
518 <primary sortas="b-zipdetails">zipdetails</primary>
519 </indexterm>
520 </listitem>
521 </varlistentry>
522
523 </variablelist>
524
525 </sect2>
526
527</sect1>
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