source: chapter08/bzip2.xml@ b8d0d24

xry111/usr-move
Last change on this file since b8d0d24 was b8d0d24, checked in by Xi Ruoyao <xry111@…>, 21 months ago

usr-move: fix libbz2.so installation

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-bzip2" role="wrap">
9 <?dbhtml filename="bzip2.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>bzip2</productname>
13 <productnumber>&bzip2-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&bzip2-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>Bzip2-&bzip2-version;</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2">
20 <primary sortas="a-Bzip2">Bzip2</primary>
21 </indexterm>
22
23 <sect2 role="package">
24 <title/>
25
26 <para>The Bzip2 package contains programs for compressing and decompressing
27 files. Compressing text files with <command>bzip2</command> yields a much
28 better compression percentage than with the traditional
29 <command>gzip</command>.</para>
30
31 <segmentedlist>
32 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
33 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
34
35 <seglistitem>
36 <seg>&bzip2-fin-sbu;</seg>
37 <seg>&bzip2-fin-du;</seg>
38 </seglistitem>
39 </segmentedlist>
40
41 </sect2>
42
43 <sect2 role="installation">
44 <title>Installation of Bzip2</title>
45
46 <para>Apply a patch that will install the documentation for this package:</para>
47
48<screen><userinput remap="pre">patch -Np1 -i ../&bzip2-docs-patch;</userinput></screen>
49
50 <para>The following command ensures installation of symbolic links are relative:</para>
51
52<screen><userinput remap="pre">sed -i 's@\(ln -s -f \)$(PREFIX)/bin/@\1@' Makefile</userinput></screen>
53
54 <para>Ensure the man pages are installed into the correct location:</para>
55
56<screen><userinput remap="pre">sed -i "s@(PREFIX)/man@(PREFIX)/share/man@g" Makefile</userinput></screen>
57
58 <para>Prepare Bzip2 for compilation with:</para>
59
60<screen><userinput remap="make">make -f Makefile-libbz2_so
61make clean</userinput></screen>
62
63 <variablelist>
64 <title>The meaning of the make parameter:</title>
65
66 <varlistentry>
67 <term><parameter>-f Makefile-libbz2_so</parameter></term>
68 <listitem>
69 <para>This will cause Bzip2 to be built using a different
70 <filename>Makefile</filename> file, in this case the
71 <filename>Makefile-libbz2_so</filename> file, which creates a dynamic
72 <filename class="libraryfile">libbz2.so</filename> library and links
73 the Bzip2 utilities against it.</para>
74 </listitem>
75 </varlistentry>
76
77 </variablelist>
78
79 <para>Compile and test the package:</para>
80
81<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
82
83 <para>Install the programs:</para>
84
85<screen><userinput remap="install">make PREFIX=/usr install</userinput></screen>
86
87 <para>Install the shared library:</para>
88<screen><userinput remap="install">cp -av libbz2.so.* /usr/lib
89ln -sv libbz2.so.&bzip2-version; /usr/lib/libbz2.so</userinput></screen>
90
91 <para>Install the shared <command>bzip2</command> binary into the
92 <filename class="directory">/bin</filename> directory:</para>
93
94<screen><userinput remap="install">cp -v bzip2-shared /bin/bzip2</userinput></screen>
95
96 <para>Remove an useless static library:</para>
97
98<screen><userinput remap="install">rm -fv /usr/lib/libbz2.a</userinput></screen>
99
100 </sect2>
101
102 <sect2 id="contents-bzip2" role="content">
103 <title>Contents of Bzip2</title>
104
105 <segmentedlist>
106 <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
107 <segtitle>Installed libraries</segtitle>
108 <segtitle>Installed directory</segtitle>
109
110 <seglistitem>
111 <seg>bunzip2 (link to bzip2), bzcat (link to bzip2), bzcmp (link to
112 bzdiff), bzdiff, bzegrep (link to bzgrep), bzfgrep (link to bzgrep),
113 bzgrep, bzip2, bzip2recover, bzless (link to bzmore), and bzmore</seg>
114 <seg>libbz2.so</seg>
115 <seg>/usr/share/doc/bzip2-&bzip2-version;</seg>
116 </seglistitem>
117 </segmentedlist>
118
119 <variablelist>
120 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
121 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
122 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
123
124 <varlistentry id="bunzip2">
125 <term><command>bunzip2</command></term>
126 <listitem>
127 <para>Decompresses bzipped files</para>
128 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bunzip2">
129 <primary sortas="b-bunzip2">bunzip2</primary>
130 </indexterm>
131 </listitem>
132 </varlistentry>
133
134 <varlistentry id="bzcat">
135 <term><command>bzcat</command></term>
136 <listitem>
137 <para>Decompresses to standard output</para>
138 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzcat">
139 <primary sortas="b-bzcat">bzcat</primary>
140 </indexterm>
141 </listitem>
142 </varlistentry>
143
144 <varlistentry id="bzcmp">
145 <term><command>bzcmp</command></term>
146 <listitem>
147 <para>Runs <command>cmp</command> on bzipped files</para>
148 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzcmp">
149 <primary sortas="b-bzcmp">bzcmp</primary>
150 </indexterm>
151 </listitem>
152 </varlistentry>
153
154 <varlistentry id="bzdiff">
155 <term><command>bzdiff</command></term>
156 <listitem>
157 <para>Runs <command>diff</command> on bzipped files</para>
158 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzdiff">
159 <primary sortas="b-bzdiff">bzdiff</primary>
160 </indexterm>
161 </listitem>
162 </varlistentry>
163
164 <varlistentry id="bzegrep">
165 <term><command>bzegrep</command></term>
166 <listitem>
167 <para>Runs <command>egrep</command> on bzipped files</para>
168 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzegrep">
169 <primary sortas="b-bzegrep">bzegrep</primary>
170 </indexterm>
171 </listitem>
172 </varlistentry>
173
174 <varlistentry id="bzfgrep">
175 <term><command>bzfgrep</command></term>
176 <listitem>
177 <para>Runs <command>fgrep</command> on bzipped files</para>
178 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzfgrep">
179 <primary sortas="b-bzfgrep">bzfgrep</primary>
180 </indexterm>
181 </listitem>
182 </varlistentry>
183
184 <varlistentry id="bzgrep">
185 <term><command>bzgrep</command></term>
186 <listitem>
187 <para>Runs <command>grep</command> on bzipped files</para>
188 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzgrep">
189 <primary sortas="b-bzgrep">bzgrep</primary>
190 </indexterm>
191 </listitem>
192 </varlistentry>
193
194 <varlistentry id="bzip2">
195 <term><command>bzip2</command></term>
196 <listitem>
197 <para>Compresses files using the Burrows-Wheeler block sorting text
198 compression algorithm with Huffman coding; the compression rate is
199 better than that achieved by more conventional compressors using
200 <quote>Lempel-Ziv</quote> algorithms, like <command>gzip</command></para>
201 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzip2">
202 <primary sortas="b-bzip2">bzip2</primary>
203 </indexterm>
204 </listitem>
205 </varlistentry>
206
207 <varlistentry id="bzip2recover">
208 <term><command>bzip2recover</command></term>
209 <listitem>
210 <para>Tries to recover data from damaged bzipped files</para>
211 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzip2recover">
212 <primary sortas="b-bzip2recover">bzip2recover</primary>
213 </indexterm>
214 </listitem>
215 </varlistentry>
216
217 <varlistentry id="bzless">
218 <term><command>bzless</command></term>
219 <listitem>
220 <para>Runs <command>less</command> on bzipped files</para>
221 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzless">
222 <primary sortas="b-bzless">bzless</primary>
223 </indexterm>
224 </listitem>
225 </varlistentry>
226
227 <varlistentry id="bzmore">
228 <term><command>bzmore</command></term>
229 <listitem>
230 <para>Runs <command>more</command> on bzipped files</para>
231 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 bzmore">
232 <primary sortas="b-bzmore">bzmore</primary>
233 </indexterm>
234 </listitem>
235 </varlistentry>
236
237 <varlistentry id="libbz2">
238 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libbz2</filename></term>
239 <listitem>
240 <para>The library implementing lossless, block-sorting data
241 compression, using the Burrows-Wheeler algorithm</para>
242 <indexterm zone="ch-system-bzip2 libbz2">
243 <primary sortas="c-libbz2">libbz2</primary>
244 </indexterm>
245 </listitem>
246 </varlistentry>
247
248 </variablelist>
249
250 </sect2>
251
252</sect1>
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