source: chapter08/findutils.xml@ c573b97

xry111/usr-move
Last change on this file since c573b97 was c573b97, checked in by Xi Ruoyao <xry111@…>, 8 months ago

usr-move: some adjustments of file location are no longer needed for systemd

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 5.0 KB
Line 
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-findutils" role="wrap">
9 <?dbhtml filename="findutils.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>findutils</productname>
13 <productnumber>&findutils-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&findutils-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>Findutils-&findutils-version;</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils">
20 <primary sortas="a-Findutils">Findutils</primary>
21 </indexterm>
22
23 <sect2 role="package">
24 <title/>
25
26 <para>The Findutils package contains programs to find files. These programs
27 are provided to recursively search through a directory tree and to
28 create, maintain, and search a database (often faster than the recursive
29 find, but is unreliable if the database has not been recently updated).</para>
30
31 <segmentedlist>
32 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
33 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
34
35 <seglistitem>
36 <seg>&findutils-fin-sbu;</seg>
37 <seg>&findutils-fin-du;</seg>
38 </seglistitem>
39 </segmentedlist>
40
41 </sect2>
42
43 <sect2 role="installation">
44 <title>Installation of Findutils</title>
45
46 <para>Prepare Findutils for compilation:</para>
47
48<screen><userinput remap="configure">./configure --prefix=/usr --localstatedir=/var/lib/locate</userinput></screen>
49
50 <variablelist>
51 <title>The meaning of the configure options:</title>
52
53 <varlistentry>
54 <term><parameter>--localstatedir</parameter></term>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>This option changes the location of the <command>locate</command>
57 database to be in <filename class="directory">/var/lib/locate</filename>,
58 which is FHS-compliant.</para>
59 </listitem>
60 </varlistentry>
61
62 </variablelist>
63
64 <para>Compile the package:</para>
65
66<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
67
68 <para>To test the results, issue:</para>
69
70<screen><userinput remap="test">chown -Rv tester .
71su tester -c "PATH=$PATH make check"</userinput></screen>
72
73 <para>Install the package:</para>
74
75<screen><userinput remap="install">make install</userinput></screen>
76
77 <para revision="sysv">Some of the scripts in the LFS-Bootscripts package
78 depend on <command>find</command>. As <filename
79 class="directory">/usr</filename> may not be available during the early
80 stages of booting, this program needs to be on the root partition. The
81 <command>updatedb</command> script also needs to be modified to correct an
82 explicit path:</para>
83
84<screen revision="sysv"><userinput remap="install">mv -v /usr/bin/find /bin
85sed -i 's|find:=${BINDIR}|find:=/bin|' /usr/bin/updatedb</userinput></screen>
86
87 </sect2>
88
89 <sect2 id="contents-findutils" role="content">
90 <title>Contents of Findutils</title>
91
92 <segmentedlist>
93 <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
94 <segtitle>Installed directory</segtitle>
95
96 <seglistitem>
97 <seg>find, locate, updatedb, and xargs</seg>
98 <seg>/var/lib/locate</seg>
99 </seglistitem>
100
101 </segmentedlist>
102
103 <variablelist>
104 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
105 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
106 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
107
108 <varlistentry id="find">
109 <term><command>find</command></term>
110 <listitem>
111 <para>Searches given directory trees for files matching the specified
112 criteria</para>
113 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils find">
114 <primary sortas="b-find">find</primary>
115 </indexterm>
116 </listitem>
117 </varlistentry>
118
119 <varlistentry id="locate">
120 <term><command>locate</command></term>
121 <listitem>
122 <para>Searches through a database of file names and reports the names
123 that contain a given string or match a given pattern</para>
124 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils locate">
125 <primary sortas="b-locate">locate</primary>
126 </indexterm>
127 </listitem>
128 </varlistentry>
129
130 <varlistentry id="updatedb">
131 <term><command>updatedb</command></term>
132 <listitem>
133 <para>Updates the <command>locate</command> database; it scans the
134 entire file system (including other file systems that are currently
135 mounted, unless told not to) and puts every file name it finds into
136 the database</para>
137 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils updatedb">
138 <primary sortas="b-updatedb">updatedb</primary>
139 </indexterm>
140 </listitem>
141 </varlistentry>
142
143 <varlistentry id="xargs">
144 <term><command>xargs</command></term>
145 <listitem>
146 <para>Can be used to apply a given command to a list of files</para>
147 <indexterm zone="ch-system-findutils xargs">
148 <primary sortas="b-xargs">xargs</primary>
149 </indexterm>
150 </listitem>
151 </varlistentry>
152
153 </variablelist>
154
155 </sect2>
156
157</sect1>
Note: See TracBrowser for help on using the repository browser.