source: chapter08/kbd.xml@ bb31c12

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Last change on this file since bb31c12 was bb31c12, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 11 months ago

Happy New Year.

Update to vim-8.2.2253.
Update to iana-etc-20201229.
Update to gdbm-1.19.
Update to tzdata-2020f.
Update to man-pages-5.10.
Update to iproute2-5.10.0.
Update to zstd-1.4.8.
Update to kbd-2.4.0.
Update to linux-5.10.4.

git-svn-id: http://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/LFS/trunk/BOOK@12074 4aa44e1e-78dd-0310-a6d2-fbcd4c07a689

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-system-kbd" role="wrap">
9 <?dbhtml filename="kbd.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info condition="script">
12 <productname>kbd</productname>
13 <productnumber>&kbd-version;</productnumber>
14 <address>&kbd-url;</address>
15 </sect1info>
16
17 <title>Kbd-&kbd-version;</title>
18
19 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd">
20 <primary sortas="a-Kbd">Kbd</primary>
21 </indexterm>
22
23 <sect2 role="package">
24 <title/>
25
26 <para>The Kbd package contains key-table files, console fonts, and keyboard
27 utilities.</para>
28
29 <segmentedlist>
30 <segtitle>&buildtime;</segtitle>
31 <segtitle>&diskspace;</segtitle>
32
33 <seglistitem>
34 <seg>&kbd-fin-sbu;</seg>
35 <seg>&kbd-fin-du;</seg>
36 </seglistitem>
37 </segmentedlist>
38
39 </sect2>
40
41 <sect2 role="installation">
42 <title>Installation of Kbd</title>
43
44 <para>The behaviour of the backspace and delete keys is not consistent
45 across the keymaps in the Kbd package. The following patch fixes this
46 issue for i386 keymaps:</para>
47
48<screen><userinput remap="pre">patch -Np1 -i ../&kbd-backspace-patch;</userinput></screen>
49
50 <para>After patching, the backspace key generates the character with code 127,
51 and the delete key generates a well-known escape sequence.</para>
52
53 <para>Remove the redundant <command>resizecons</command> program (it requires
54 the defunct svgalib to provide the video mode files - for normal use
55 <command>setfont</command> sizes the console appropriately) together with its
56 manpage.</para>
57
58<screen><userinput remap="pre">sed -i '/RESIZECONS_PROGS=/s/yes/no/' configure
59sed -i 's/resizecons.8 //' docs/man/man8/Makefile.in</userinput></screen>
60
61 <para>Prepare Kbd for compilation:</para>
62
63<screen><userinput remap="configure">./configure --prefix=/usr --disable-vlock</userinput></screen>
64
65 <variablelist>
66 <title>The meaning of the configure option:</title>
67
68 <varlistentry>
69 <term><parameter>--disable-vlock</parameter></term>
70 <listitem>
71 <para>This option prevents the vlock utility from being built because it
72 requires the PAM library, which isn't available in the chroot
73 environment.</para>
74 </listitem>
75 </varlistentry>
76
77 </variablelist>
78
79 <para>Compile the package:</para>
80
81<screen><userinput remap="make">make</userinput></screen>
82
83 <para>To test the results, issue:</para>
84
85<screen><userinput remap="test">make check</userinput></screen>
86
87 <para>Install the package:</para>
88
89<screen><userinput remap="install">make install</userinput></screen>
90
91 <note>
92 <para>For some languages (e.g., Belarusian) the Kbd package doesn't
93 provide a useful keymap where the stock <quote>by</quote> keymap assumes
94 the ISO-8859-5 encoding, and the CP1251 keymap is normally used. Users of
95 such languages have to download working keymaps separately.</para>
96 </note>
97
98 <para>If desired, install the documentation:</para>
99
100<screen><userinput remap="install">mkdir -v /usr/share/doc/kbd-&kbd-version;
101cp -R -v docs/doc/* /usr/share/doc/kbd-&kbd-version;</userinput></screen>
102
103 </sect2>
104
105 <sect2 id="contents-kbd" role="content">
106 <title>Contents of Kbd</title>
107
108 <segmentedlist>
109 <segtitle>Installed programs</segtitle>
110 <segtitle>Installed directories</segtitle>
111
112 <seglistitem>
113 <seg>chvt, deallocvt, dumpkeys, fgconsole, getkeycodes, kbdinfo,
114 kbd_mode, kbdrate, loadkeys, loadunimap,
115 mapscrn, openvt, psfaddtable (link to psfxtable), psfgettable (link to
116 psfxtable), psfstriptable (link to psfxtable), psfxtable, <!--resizecons,-->
117 setfont, setkeycodes, setleds, setmetamode, setvtrgb,
118 showconsolefont, showkey, unicode_start, and unicode_stop</seg>
119 <seg>/usr/share/consolefonts, /usr/share/consoletrans, /usr/share/keymaps,
120 /usr/share/doc/kbd-&kbd-version;, and /usr/share/unimaps</seg>
121 </seglistitem>
122 </segmentedlist>
123
124 <variablelist>
125 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
126 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
127 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
128
129 <varlistentry id="chvt">
130 <term><command>chvt</command></term>
131 <listitem>
132 <para>Changes the foreground virtual terminal</para>
133 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd chvt">
134 <primary sortas="b-chvt">chvt</primary>
135 </indexterm>
136 </listitem>
137 </varlistentry>
138
139 <varlistentry id="deallocvt">
140 <term><command>deallocvt</command></term>
141 <listitem>
142 <para>Deallocates unused virtual terminals</para>
143 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd deallocvt">
144 <primary sortas="b-deallocvt">deallocvt</primary>
145 </indexterm>
146 </listitem>
147 </varlistentry>
148
149 <varlistentry id="dumpkeys">
150 <term><command>dumpkeys</command></term>
151 <listitem>
152 <para>Dumps the keyboard translation tables</para>
153 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd dumpkeys">
154 <primary sortas="b-dumpkeys">dumpkeys</primary>
155 </indexterm>
156 </listitem>
157 </varlistentry>
158
159 <varlistentry id="fgconsole">
160 <term><command>fgconsole</command></term>
161 <listitem>
162 <para>Prints the number of the active virtual terminal</para>
163 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd fgconsole">
164 <primary sortas="b-fgconsole">fgconsole</primary>
165 </indexterm>
166 </listitem>
167 </varlistentry>
168
169 <varlistentry id="getkeycodes">
170 <term><command>getkeycodes</command></term>
171 <listitem>
172 <para>Prints the kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table</para>
173 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd getkeycodes">
174 <primary sortas="b-getkeycodes">getkeycodes</primary>
175 </indexterm>
176 </listitem>
177 </varlistentry>
178
179 <varlistentry id="kbdinfo">
180 <term><command>kbdinfo</command></term>
181 <listitem>
182 <para>Obtains information about the status of a console</para>
183 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd kbdinfo">
184 <primary sortas="b-kbdinfo">kbdinfo</primary>
185 </indexterm>
186 </listitem>
187 </varlistentry>
188
189 <varlistentry id="kbd_mode">
190 <term><command>kbd_mode</command></term>
191 <listitem>
192 <para>Reports or sets the keyboard mode</para>
193 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd kbd_mode">
194 <primary sortas="b-kbd_mode">kbd_mode</primary>
195 </indexterm>
196 </listitem>
197 </varlistentry>
198
199 <varlistentry id="kbdrate">
200 <term><command>kbdrate</command></term>
201 <listitem>
202 <para>Sets the keyboard repeat and delay rates</para>
203 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd kbdrate">
204 <primary sortas="b-kbdrate">kbdrate</primary>
205 </indexterm>
206 </listitem>
207 </varlistentry>
208
209 <varlistentry id="loadkeys">
210 <term><command>loadkeys</command></term>
211 <listitem>
212 <para>Loads the keyboard translation tables</para>
213 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd loadkeys">
214 <primary sortas="b-loadkeys">loadkeys</primary>
215 </indexterm>
216 </listitem>
217 </varlistentry>
218
219 <varlistentry id="loadunimap">
220 <term><command>loadunimap</command></term>
221 <listitem>
222 <para>Loads the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table</para>
223 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd loadunimap">
224 <primary sortas="b-loadunimap">loadunimap</primary>
225 </indexterm>
226 </listitem>
227 </varlistentry>
228
229 <varlistentry id="mapscrn">
230 <term><command>mapscrn</command></term>
231 <listitem>
232 <para>An obsolete program that used to load a user-defined output
233 character mapping table into the console driver; this is now done
234 by <command>setfont</command></para>
235 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd mapscrn">
236 <primary sortas="b-mapscrn">mapscrn</primary>
237 </indexterm>
238 </listitem>
239 </varlistentry>
240
241 <varlistentry id="openvt">
242 <term><command>openvt</command></term>
243 <listitem>
244 <para>Starts a program on a new virtual terminal (VT)</para>
245 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd openvt">
246 <primary sortas="b-openvt">openvt</primary>
247 </indexterm>
248 </listitem>
249 </varlistentry>
250
251 <varlistentry id="psfaddtable">
252 <term><command>psfaddtable</command></term>
253 <listitem>
254 <para>Adds a Unicode character table to a console font</para>
255 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd psfaddtable">
256 <primary sortas="b-psfaddtable">psfaddtable</primary>
257 </indexterm>
258 </listitem>
259 </varlistentry>
260
261 <varlistentry id="psfgettable">
262 <term><command>psfgettable</command></term>
263 <listitem>
264 <para>Extracts the embedded Unicode character table from a console
265 font</para>
266 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd psfgettable">
267 <primary sortas="b-psfgettable">psfgettable</primary>
268 </indexterm>
269 </listitem>
270 </varlistentry>
271
272 <varlistentry id="psfstriptable">
273 <term><command>psfstriptable</command></term>
274 <listitem>
275 <para>Removes the embedded Unicode character table from a console
276 font</para>
277 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd psfstriptable">
278 <primary sortas="b-psfstriptable">psfstriptable</primary>
279 </indexterm>
280 </listitem>
281 </varlistentry>
282
283 <varlistentry id="psfxtable">
284 <term><command>psfxtable</command></term>
285 <listitem>
286 <para>Handles Unicode character tables for console fonts</para>
287 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd psfxtable">
288 <primary sortas="b-psfxtable">psfxtable</primary>
289 </indexterm>
290 </listitem>
291 </varlistentry>
292
293 <varlistentry id="setfont">
294 <term><command>setfont</command></term>
295 <listitem>
296 <para>Changes the Enhanced Graphic Adapter (EGA) and Video Graphics
297 Array (VGA) fonts on the console</para>
298 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setfont">
299 <primary sortas="b-setfont">setfont</primary>
300 </indexterm>
301 </listitem>
302 </varlistentry>
303
304 <varlistentry id="setkeycodes">
305 <term><command>setkeycodes</command></term>
306 <listitem>
307 <para>Loads kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table entries; this is
308 useful if there are unusual keys on the keyboard</para>
309 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setkeycodes">
310 <primary sortas="b-setkeycodes">setkeycodes</primary>
311 </indexterm>
312 </listitem>
313 </varlistentry>
314
315 <varlistentry id="setleds">
316 <term><command>setleds</command></term>
317 <listitem>
318 <para>Sets the keyboard flags and Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)</para>
319 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setleds">
320 <primary sortas="b-setleds">setleds</primary>
321 </indexterm>
322 </listitem>
323 </varlistentry>
324
325 <varlistentry id="setmetamode">
326 <term><command>setmetamode</command></term>
327 <listitem>
328 <para>Defines the keyboard meta-key handling</para>
329 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setmetamode">
330 <primary sortas="b-setmetamode">setmetamode</primary>
331 </indexterm>
332 </listitem>
333 </varlistentry>
334
335 <varlistentry id="setvtrgb">
336 <term><command>setvtrgb</command></term>
337 <listitem>
338 <para>Sets the console color map in all virtual terminals</para>
339 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd setvtrgb">
340 <primary sortas="b-setvtrgb">setvtrgb</primary>
341 </indexterm>
342 </listitem>
343 </varlistentry>
344
345 <varlistentry id="showconsolefont">
346 <term><command>showconsolefont</command></term>
347 <listitem>
348 <para>Shows the current EGA/VGA console screen font</para>
349 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd showconsolefont">
350 <primary sortas="b-showconsolefont">showconsolefont</primary>
351 </indexterm>
352 </listitem>
353 </varlistentry>
354
355 <varlistentry id="showkey">
356 <term><command>showkey</command></term>
357 <listitem>
358 <para>Reports the scancodes, keycodes, and ASCII codes of the keys
359 pressed on the keyboard</para>
360 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd showkey">
361 <primary sortas="b-showkey">showkey</primary>
362 </indexterm>
363 </listitem>
364 </varlistentry>
365
366 <varlistentry id="unicode_start">
367 <term><command>unicode_start</command></term>
368 <listitem>
369 <para>Puts the keyboard and console in UNICODE mode [Don't use this
370 program unless your keymap file is in the ISO-8859-1 encoding. For
371 other encodings, this utility produces incorrect results.]</para>
372 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd unicode_start">
373 <primary sortas="b-unicode_start">unicode_start</primary>
374 </indexterm>
375 </listitem>
376 </varlistentry>
377
378 <varlistentry id="unicode_stop">
379 <term><command>unicode_stop</command></term>
380 <listitem>
381 <para>Reverts keyboard and console from UNICODE mode</para>
382 <indexterm zone="ch-system-kbd unicode_stop">
383 <primary sortas="b-unicode_stop">unicode_stop</primary>
384 </indexterm>
385 </listitem>
386 </varlistentry>
387
388 </variablelist>
389
390 </sect2>
391
392</sect1>
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