source: chapter11/reboot.xml@ 56587fc

11.1 11.1-rc1 11.2 11.2-rc1 arm multilib s6-init trunk xry111/arm64 xry111/clfs-ng xry111/lfs-next xry111/pip3 xry111/queue-11.3 xry111/rust-wip-20221008
Last change on this file since 56587fc was 56587fc, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 13 months ago

Make umounting explicit

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-finish-reboot">
9 <?dbhtml filename="reboot.html"?>
10
11 <title>Rebooting the System</title>
12
13 <para>Now that all of the software has been installed, it is time to reboot
14 your computer. However, you should be aware of a few things. The system you
15 have created in this book is quite minimal, and most likely will not have
16 the functionality you would need to be able to continue forward. By installing
17 a few extra packages from the BLFS book while still in our current chroot
18 environment, you can leave yourself in a much better position to continue on
19 once you reboot into your new LFS installation. Here are some suggestions:</para>
20
21 <itemizedlist>
22
23 <listitem><para>A text mode browser such as <ulink
24 url='&blfs-book;basicnet/lynx.html'>Lynx</ulink>
25 will allow you to easily view the BLFS book in one virtual terminal, while
26 building packages in another.</para></listitem>
27
28 <listitem><para>The <ulink
29 url='&blfs-book;postlfs/make-ca.html'>make-ca</ulink> package
30 will allow you to set up local trusted anchor certificates, allowing
31 the system to verify SSL certificates provided by remote servers (for
32 example, a website using HTTPS).</para></listitem>
33
34 <listitem><para>The <ulink
35 url='&blfs-book;general/gpm.html'>GPM</ulink> package will allow
36 you to perform copy/paste actions in your virtual
37 terminals.</para></listitem>
38
39 <listitem revision="sysv"><para>
40 If you are in a situation where static IP configuration
41 does not meet your networking requirements, installing a package
42 such as <ulink url='&blfs-book;basicnet/dhcpcd.html'>dhcpcd</ulink>
43 or the client portion of <ulink
44 url='&blfs-book;basicnet/dhcp.html'>dhcp</ulink> may be
45 useful.</para></listitem>
46
47 <listitem><para>Installing <ulink
48 url='&blfs-book;postlfs/sudo.html'>sudo</ulink> may be useful for
49 building packages as a non-root user and easily installing the resulting
50 packages in your new system.</para></listitem>
51
52 <listitem><para>If you want to access your new system from a remote system
53 within a comfortable GUI environment, install <ulink
54 url='&blfs-book;postlfs/openssh.html'>openssh</ulink>.</para></listitem>
55
56 <listitem><para>To make fetching files over the internet easier, install
57 <ulink url='&blfs-book;basicnet/wget.html'>wget</ulink>.</para></listitem>
58
59 <listitem><para>To connect to a wireless access point for networking,
60 install <ulink
61 url='&blfs-book;basicnet/wpa_supplicant.html'>wpa_supplicant</ulink>.
62 </para></listitem>
63
64 <listitem><para>Finally, a review of the following configuration files
65 is also appropriate at this point.</para>
66
67 <itemizedlist>
68 <listitem><para>/etc/bashrc </para></listitem>
69 <listitem><para>/etc/dircolors </para></listitem>
70 <listitem><para>/etc/fstab </para></listitem>
71 <listitem><para>/etc/hosts </para></listitem>
72 <listitem><para>/etc/inputrc </para></listitem>
73 <listitem><para>/etc/profile </para></listitem>
74 <listitem><para>/etc/resolv.conf </para></listitem>
75 <listitem><para>/etc/vimrc </para></listitem>
76 <listitem><para>/root/.bash_profile </para></listitem>
77 <listitem><para>/root/.bashrc </para></listitem>
78 <listitem revision="sysv"><para>/etc/sysconfig/ifconfig.eth0 </para></listitem>
79 </itemizedlist>
80 </listitem>
81 </itemizedlist>
82
83 <para>Now that we have said that, let's move on to booting our shiny new LFS
84 installation for the first time! First exit from the chroot environment:</para>
85
86<screen><userinput>logout</userinput></screen>
87<!-- We need to show the user the details...
88 <para>Unmount the LFS file system hierarchy:</para>
89
90<screen><userinput>umount -Rv $LFS</userinput></screen>
91-->
92
93 <para>Then unmount the virtual file systems:</para>
94
95<screen><userinput>umount -v $LFS/dev/pts
96umount -v $LFS/dev
97umount -v $LFS/run
98umount -v $LFS/proc
99umount -v $LFS/sys</userinput></screen>
100
101 <para>If multiple partitions were created, unmount the other
102 partitions before unmounting the main one, like this:</para>
103
104<screen role="nodump"><userinput>umount -v $LFS/usr
105umount -v $LFS/home
106umount -v $LFS</userinput></screen>
107
108 <para>Unmount the LFS file system itself:</para>
109
110<screen role="nodump"><userinput>umount -v $LFS</userinput></screen>
111
112 <para>Now, reboot the system with:</para>
113
114<screen role="nodump"><userinput>shutdown -r now</userinput></screen>
115
116 <para>Assuming the GRUB boot loader was set up as outlined earlier, the menu
117 is set to boot <emphasis>LFS &version;</emphasis> automatically.</para>
118
119 <para>When the reboot is complete, the LFS system is ready for use and
120 more software may be added to suit your needs.</para>
121
122</sect1>
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