source: prologue/hostreqs.xml@ 7380c3a

10.0 10.0-rc1 10.1 10.1-rc1 11.0 11.0-rc1 11.0-rc2 11.0-rc3 7.10 7.10-rc1 7.8 7.8-rc1 7.9 7.9-rc1 7.9-rc2 8.0 8.0-rc1 8.1 8.1-rc1 8.1-rc2 8.2 8.2-rc1 8.3 8.3-rc1 8.3-rc2 8.4 8.4-rc1 9.0 9.0-rc1 9.1 9.1-rc1 BOOK.old cross-chap5 ml-11.0 multilib nosym old-trunk trunk xry111/git-transition xry111/glibc-2.34 xry111/tester-nohack xry111/usr-move
Last change on this file since 7380c3a was 7380c3a, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 6 years ago

Increase host requirement for tar to version 1.22.
Replace an old link to building software in Prerequisites section.

git-svn-id: http://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/LFS/trunk/BOOK@10944 4aa44e1e-78dd-0310-a6d2-fbcd4c07a689

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 7.7 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="pre-hostreqs" xreflabel="Host System Requirements">
9 <?dbhtml filename="hostreqs.html"?>
10
11 <title>Host System Requirements</title>
12
13 <para>Your host system should have the following software with the
14 minimum versions indicated. This should not be an issue for most
15 modern Linux distributions. Also note that many distributions will
16 place software headers into separate packages, often in the form of
17 <quote>&lt;package-name&gt;-devel</quote> or
18 <quote>&lt;package-name&gt;-dev</quote>. Be sure to install those if
19 your distribution provides them.</para>
20
21 <para>Earlier versions of the listed software packages may work, but has not
22 been tested.</para>
23
24 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
25
26 <listitem>
27 <para><emphasis role="strong">Bash-3.2</emphasis> (/bin/sh
28 should be a symbolic or hard link to bash)</para>
29 </listitem>
30
31 <listitem>
32 <para><emphasis role="strong">Binutils-2.17</emphasis> (Versions
33 greater than &binutils-version; are not recommended as they have
34 not been tested)</para>
35 </listitem>
36
37 <listitem>
38 <para><emphasis role="strong">Bison-2.3</emphasis> (/usr/bin/yacc
39 should be a link to bison or small script that executes bison)</para>
40 </listitem>
41
42 <listitem>
43 <para><emphasis role="strong">Bzip2-1.0.4</emphasis></para>
44 </listitem>
45
46 <listitem>
47 <para><emphasis role="strong">Coreutils-6.9</emphasis></para>
48 </listitem>
49
50 <listitem>
51 <para><emphasis role="strong">Diffutils-2.8.1</emphasis></para>
52 </listitem>
53
54 <listitem>
55 <para><emphasis role="strong">Findutils-4.2.31</emphasis></para>
56 </listitem>
57
58 <listitem>
59 <para><emphasis role="strong">Gawk-4.0.1</emphasis> (/usr/bin/awk
60 should be a link to gawk)</para>
61 </listitem>
62
63 <listitem>
64 <para><emphasis role="strong">GCC-4.1.2</emphasis> including the C++
65 compiler, <command>g++</command> (Versions greater than &gcc-version; are
66 not recommended as they have not been tested)</para>
67
68 <note><para>On some distributions, there have been reports that some
69 libraries used by gcc can be in an inconsistent state and that this
70 interferes with building some LFS packages. To check this, look in
71 /usr/lib and possibly /usr/lib64 for libgmp.la, libmpfr.la, and
72 libmpc.la. Either all three should be present or absent, but not only
73 one or two. If the problem exists on your system, either rename or
74 delete the .la files or install the appropriate missing
75 package.</para></note>
76
77 </listitem>
78
79 <listitem>
80 <para><emphasis role="strong">Glibc-2.11</emphasis> (Versions
81 greater than &glibc-version; are not recommended as they have
82 not been tested)</para>
83 </listitem>
84
85 <listitem>
86 <para><emphasis role="strong">Grep-2.5.1a</emphasis></para>
87 </listitem>
88
89 <listitem>
90 <para><emphasis role="strong">Gzip-1.3.12</emphasis></para>
91 </listitem>
92
93 <listitem>
94 <para><emphasis role="strong">Linux Kernel-&min-kernel;</emphasis></para>
95
96 <para>The reason for the kernel version requirement is that we specify
97 that version when building <application>glibc</application> in Chapter 6
98 at the recommendation of the developers. It is also required by
99 udev.</para>
100
101 <para>If the host kernel is earlier than &min-kernel; you will need to replace
102 the kernel with a more up to date version. There are two ways
103 you can go about this. First, see if your Linux vendor provides a &min-kernel;
104 or later kernel package. If so, you may wish to install it. If your
105 vendor doesn't offer an acceptable kernel package, or you would prefer not to
106 install it, you can compile a kernel yourself. Instructions for
107 compiling the kernel and configuring the boot loader (assuming the host
108 uses GRUB) are located in <xref linkend="chapter-bootable"/>.</para>
109
110 </listitem>
111
112 <listitem>
113 <para><emphasis role="strong">M4-1.4.10</emphasis></para>
114 </listitem>
115
116 <listitem>
117 <para><emphasis role="strong">Make-3.81</emphasis></para>
118 </listitem>
119
120 <listitem>
121 <para><emphasis role="strong">Patch-2.5.4</emphasis></para>
122 </listitem>
123
124 <listitem>
125 <para><emphasis role="strong">Perl-5.8.8</emphasis></para>
126 </listitem>
127
128 <listitem>
129 <para><emphasis role="strong">Sed-4.1.5</emphasis></para>
130 </listitem>
131
132 <listitem>
133 <para><emphasis role="strong">Tar-1.22</emphasis></para>
134 </listitem>
135
136 <listitem>
137 <para><emphasis role="strong">Texinfo-4.7</emphasis></para>
138 </listitem>
139
140 <listitem>
141 <para><emphasis role="strong">Xz-5.0.0</emphasis></para>
142 </listitem>
143
144 </itemizedlist>
145
146 <para>Note that the symlinks mentioned above are required to build an LFS
147 system using the instructions contained within this book. Symlinks that
148 point to other software (such as dash, mawk, etc.) may work, but are not
149 tested or supported by the LFS development team, and may require either
150 deviation from the instructions or additional patches to some
151 packages.</para>
152
153 <!-- Use an empty sect2 element to prevent a pdf warning. -->
154 <sect2 id="version-check" xreflabel="Section vii, Host System Requirements">
155 <title> </title>
156
157 <para >To see whether your host system has all the appropriate versions, and
158 the ability to compile programs, run the following:</para>
159
160<!-- ANY additional lines in the script cause a pdf rendering problem-->
161<screen role="nodump"><userinput>cat &gt; version-check.sh &lt;&lt; "EOF"
162<literal>#!/bin/bash
163# Simple script to list version numbers of critical development tools
164export LC_ALL=C
165bash --version | head -n1 | cut -d" " -f2-4
166echo "/bin/sh -&gt; `readlink -f /bin/sh`"
167echo -n "Binutils: "; ld --version | head -n1 | cut -d" " -f3-
168bison --version | head -n1
169
170if [ -h /usr/bin/yacc ]; then
171 echo "/usr/bin/yacc -> `readlink -f /usr/bin/yacc`";
172elif [ -x /usr/bin/yacc ]; then
173 echo yacc is `/usr/bin/yacc --version | head -n1`
174else
175 echo "yacc not found"
176fi
177
178bzip2 --version 2&gt;&amp;1 &lt; /dev/null | head -n1 | cut -d" " -f1,6-
179echo -n "Coreutils: "; chown --version | head -n1 | cut -d")" -f2
180diff --version | head -n1
181find --version | head -n1
182gawk --version | head -n1
183
184if [ -h /usr/bin/awk ]; then
185 echo "/usr/bin/awk -&gt; `readlink -f /usr/bin/awk`";
186elif [ -x /usr/bin/awk ]; then
187 echo yacc is `/usr/bin/awk --version | head -n1`
188else
189 echo "awk not found"
190fi
191
192gcc --version | head -n1
193g++ --version | head -n1
194ldd --version | head -n1 | cut -d" " -f2- # glibc version
195grep --version | head -n1
196gzip --version | head -n1
197cat /proc/version
198m4 --version | head -n1
199make --version | head -n1
200patch --version | head -n1
201echo Perl `perl -V:version`
202sed --version | head -n1
203tar --version | head -n1
204makeinfo --version | head -n1
205xz --version | head -n1
206
207echo 'main(){}' &gt; dummy.c &amp;&amp; g++ -o dummy dummy.c
208if [ -x dummy ]
209 then echo "g++ compilation OK";
210 else echo "g++ compilation failed"; fi
211rm -f dummy.c dummy</literal>
212EOF
213
214bash version-check.sh</userinput></screen>
215
216 <para>Also check for some library consistency:</para>
217
218<screen role="nodump"><userinput>cat &gt; library-check.sh &lt;&lt; "EOF"
219<literal>#!/bin/bash
220for lib in lib{gmp,mpfr,mpc}.la; do
221 echo $lib: $(if find /usr/lib* -name $lib|
222 grep -q $lib;then :;else echo not;fi) found
223done
224unset lib</literal>
225EOF
226
227bash library-check.sh</userinput></screen>
228
229<para>The files identified by this script should be all present
230or all absent, but not only one or two present.</para>
231
232
233</sect2>
234</sect1>
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