source: kde/kde-intro.xml@ dcd8072

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2<title>Introduction to <acronym>KDE</acronym></title>
4<para><acronym>KDE</acronym> is a comprehensive desktop environment that builds on
5<application>X</application> Window System and <application>Qt</application> to provide
6a window manager and many user tools, including a browser, word processor,
7spreadsheet, presentation package, games, and numerous other utilities. It
8provides extensive capabilities for customization.</para>
10<para>The <acronym>KDE</acronym> instructions are divided into two parts. The first part, the
11core packages, are needed for the rest of <acronym>KDE</acronym> to work. The second part
12presents additional packages which provide functionality in various areas
13(multimedia, graphics, etc.).</para>
15<para>There are two alternatives for installing <acronym>KDE</acronym>. Option one, that
16is used by most of the commercial distributions, is to
17install <acronym>KDE</acronym> in the standard system prefix: <filename>/usr</filename>.
18This option allows the use of KDE without the need for any additional configuration such
19as modification of various environment variables or configuration files. Option two is
20to install it in a unique prefix such as <filename>/opt/kde</filename> or
21<filename>/opt/kde-&kde-version;</filename>. This option allows for easy removal of
22the package.</para>
25<para>All the <acronym>KDE</acronym> packages are comprised of various components.
26The default is to
27install most of the components. If specific components are to be eliminated, the
28official way is to set the variable <envar>DO_NOT_COMPILE</envar>.
29This comes in handy when there are problems compiling a particular
32<screen><userinput><command>DO_NOT_COMPILE="component1 component2" \
33 ./configure --prefix=&kde-dir; ...</command></userinput></screen>
35<para>The core <acronym>KDE</acronym> packages also honor this variable, but omitting components
36from the core packages is not advisable since it may result in an
37incomplete <acronym>KDE</acronym> installation.</para>
40<note><para>In each of the packages,
41one other option to <command>configure</command> can be added:
42<parameter>--enable-final</parameter>. This option can speed up the build
43process, but requires a lot of memory. If you have less than 256MB of RAM,
44this option may cause swapping and significantly slow compilation.</para></note>
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