source: kde/plasma5/plasma-all.xml

trunk
Last change on this file was 2d3951f, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 6 days ago

Update to plasma-6.0.3.

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 18.9 KB
Line 
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!DOCTYPE chapter PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY plasma-download-http "https://download.kde.org/stable/plasma/&plasma-version;">
8 <!ENTITY plasma-download-ftp " ">
9 <!ENTITY plasma-md5sum "See Below">
10 <!ENTITY plasma-size "242 MB">
11 <!ENTITY plasma-buildsize "1.9 GB (501 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY plasma-time "17 SBU (using parallelism=8)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="plasma-build" xreflabel="Plasma-&plasma-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="plasma-all.html"?>
17
18
19 <title>Building Plasma</title>
20
21 <indexterm zone="plasma-build">
22 <primary sortas="a-kde-plasma">KDE Plasma</primary>
23 </indexterm>
24
25 <para>
26 KDE Plasma is a collection of packages based on top of KDE Frameworks
27 and QML. They implement the KDE Display Environment (Plasma).
28 </para>
29
30 &lfs121_checked;
31
32 <para>
33 The instructions below build all of the Plasma packages in one
34 step by using a bash script.
35 </para>
36
37 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
38 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
39 <listitem>
40 <para>
41 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&plasma-download-http;"/>
42 </para>
43 </listitem>
44 <listitem>
45 <para>
46 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&plasma-download-ftp;"/>
47 </para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>
51 Download MD5 sum: &plasma-md5sum;
52 </para>
53 </listitem>
54 <listitem>
55 <para>
56 Download size: &plasma-size;
57 </para>
58 </listitem>
59 <listitem>
60 <para>
61 Estimated disk space required: &plasma-buildsize;
62 </para>
63 </listitem>
64 <listitem>
65 <para>
66 Estimated build time: &plasma-time;
67 </para>
68 </listitem>
69 </itemizedlist>
70
71 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Plasma Dependencies</bridgehead>
72
73 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
74 <para role="required">
75 <!--<xref linkend="gtk2"/>, Does not seem to be needed any more -->
76 <xref linkend="boost"/>,
77 <xref linkend="gtk3"/>,
78 <xref linkend="kf6-frameworks"/>,
79 <xref linkend="kirigami-addons"/>,
80 <xref linkend="libdisplay-info"/>,
81 <xref linkend="libpwquality"/>,
82 <xref linkend="libqalculate"/>,
83 <xref linkend="libnl"/>,
84 <xref linkend="libxcvt"/>,
85 <xref linkend="libxkbcommon"/>,
86 <xref linkend="mesa"/> built with <xref linkend="wayland"/>,
87 <xref linkend="pipewire"/>,
88 <xref linkend="pulseaudio"/>,
89 <xref linkend="qca"/>,
90 <xref linkend="qcoro"/>,
91 <xref linkend="sassc"/>,
92 <xref linkend="taglib"/>,
93 <xref linkend="xdotool"/>, and
94 <xref linkend="xorg-evdev-driver"/>
95 </para>
96
97 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
98 <para role="recommended">
99 <xref linkend="gsettings-desktop-schemas"/>,
100 <xref linkend="libcanberra"/>,
101 <xref linkend="libinput"/>,
102 <xref linkend="libpcap"/>,
103 <xref linkend="linux-pam"/>,
104 <xref linkend="lm_sensors"/>,
105 <xref linkend="oxygen-icons"/>,
106 <xref linkend="pciutils"/>,
107 <xref linkend="power-profiles-daemon"/>, and
108 the following Python modules:
109 <xref linkend="psutil"/>,
110 <xref linkend="pygdbmi"/>,
111 <xref linkend="sentry-sdk"/>,
112 <xref linkend="urllib3"/> (if they are not installed, they will be
113 downloaded and installed by the drkonqi build procedure)
114 </para>
115
116 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended (runtime)</bridgehead>
117 <para role="recommended">
118 <xref role="runtime" linkend="accountsservice"/>,
119 <xref role="runtime" linkend="breeze-icons"/>,
120 <xref role="runtime" linkend="smartmontools"/>,
121 <xref role="runtime" linkend="xdg-desktop-portal"/>, and
122 <xref role="runtime" linkend="xwayland"/>
123 </para>
124
125 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
126 <para role="optional">
127 <xref linkend="appstream"/> (build with -qt=true),
128 <xref linkend="glu"/>,
129 <xref linkend='ibus'/>,
130 <xref linkend='qtwebengine'/>,
131 <xref linkend="xorg-synaptics-driver"/>,
132 <ulink url="https://www.kdevelop.org/">KDevPlatform</ulink>,
133 <ulink url="https://gpsd.gitlab.io/gpsd/">libgps</ulink>,
134 <ulink url="https://github.com/libhybris/libhybris">libhybris</ulink>,
135 <ulink url="https://www.freedesktop.org/software/PackageKit/releases/">packagekit-qt</ulink>,
136 <ulink url="https://launchpad.net/qapt">Qapt</ulink>,
137 <ulink url="https://github.com/osiam/osiam">SCIM</ulink>, and
138 <ulink url="http://www.dest-unreach.org/socat/">socat</ulink> (for pam_kwallet)
139 </para>
140
141 <sect2>
142 <title>Downloading KDE Plasma</title>
143
144 <para>
145 The easiest way to get the KDE Plasma packages is to use a single
146 <command>wget</command> to fetch them all at once:
147 </para>
148
149<screen><userinput>url=https://download.kde.org/stable/plasma/&plasma-version;/
150wget -r -nH -nd -A '*.xz' -np $url</userinput>
151<literal>
152The options used here are:
153 -r recurse through child directories
154 -nH disable generation of host-prefixed directories
155 -nd do not create a hierarchy of directories
156 -A '*.xz' just get the *.xz files
157 -np don't get parent directories</literal></screen>
158
159 </sect2>
160
161 <sect2>
162 <title>Setting Package Order</title>
163
164 <para>
165 The order of building files is important due to internal dependencies.
166 Create the list of files in the proper order as follows:
167 </para>
168
169<screen><userinput>cat &gt; plasma-&plasma-version;.md5 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
170<literal>186e3608e5a9b4695db6f215b042b262 kdecoration-6.0.3.tar.xz
1711f1d12d08bcf9309ab1c49641bb8eaf3 libkscreen-6.0.3.tar.xz
17248b300ca4490da873f652596ef7f1444 libksysguard-6.0.3.tar.xz
17368307af2cbd738f8222d4899c44e95f3 breeze-6.0.3.tar.xz
174ceab9d1b168592840f12ab7b301cee85 breeze-gtk-6.0.3.tar.xz
175c1206b4c182b3a01614d0a6ade96e76c layer-shell-qt-6.0.3.tar.xz
176eac6aebafbb8c2cbef5a121d5c0afb10 plasma-activities-6.0.3.tar.xz
1772e71b9fb2f41bf2d63dcef0dc5da8fcd libplasma-6.0.3.tar.xz
178209a5df56d6adf25edc58737e7c77ea7 kscreenlocker-6.0.3.tar.xz
179109d6dcb1b0fab015bda4c3d508baf1f oxygen-6.0.3.tar.xz
180637e400d06550a3ef3b872f8011470cd kinfocenter-6.0.3.tar.xz
181021e8ab1bca725301425f946db4b74c6 kglobalacceld-6.0.3.tar.xz
1827c2273b104ff7f83930d3e6d92b6c458 kwayland-6.0.3.tar.xz
183d04c8ab91d6befe8d51bf1f4b90eb733 kwin-6.0.3.1.tar.xz
184#5e6e0275809aabbd05bf703f0e1dfd91 kwin-6.0.3.tar.xz
18528cb89b0a2c79e65b49a7396d2e156e7 plasma5support-6.0.3.tar.xz
186329a0134a743d45a9f85c0f09763fa3f plasma-activities-stats-6.0.3.tar.xz
187c64d5a3b3a2a38e1efaaa18ec0ed0f15 kpipewire-6.0.3.tar.xz
188635c8a687f95b77da538dfa67b64cf11 plasma-workspace-6.0.3.tar.xz
189fc1f1dbff3071fb70fde8f2b402f2cad plasma-disks-6.0.3.tar.xz
190be2620c0ce9947023c6fda97f9336a2b bluedevil-6.0.3.tar.xz
191e3fffb113826cddf572f1a63a4803285 kde-gtk-config-6.0.3.tar.xz
192d3b5bab22961eb000ffca29ed31e853b kmenuedit-6.0.3.tar.xz
1938e1c31ac47e3f5751fa0415c77ffdb93 kscreen-6.0.3.tar.xz
1940918f152f0049c8d2f3f96252d40b5d4 kwallet-pam-6.0.3.tar.xz
19596a0755c99e66a0f5cc53d6f4c384493 kwrited-6.0.3.tar.xz
1969ba1923b7fec42694d930e973894542f milou-6.0.3.tar.xz
197ed40c562d6b4a1b97271bb7d0cfc9710 plasma-nm-6.0.3.tar.xz
1987ebe34a38f77fe3547b1f2614803f8ce plasma-pa-6.0.3.tar.xz
199ce37763cc6b1763cdf6c24cd5decd0d9 plasma-workspace-wallpapers-6.0.3.tar.xz
20063b3ff934d9eb5fcccca27166dec78af polkit-kde-agent-1-6.0.3.tar.xz
2019ea75163cc91e7e952285fc212745f4f powerdevil-6.0.3.tar.xz
20212923d808bf6f6d9b3a807e72e1941ba plasma-desktop-6.0.3.tar.xz
20341e74069e7487d72feb91b33de0a0c13 kgamma-6.0.3.tar.xz
20438b6bf5620962febb86dd526aa1c4788 ksshaskpass-6.0.3.tar.xz
205#6c4ceff65c64495bbefdac1f163a2ca9 plasma-sdk-6.0.3.tar.xz
206d8ff0a33561736bd81d2f0cf26b80eb9 sddm-kcm-6.0.3.tar.xz
207#2f8485cee3dc80bb07fead85571ba8ad discover-6.0.3.tar.xz
208#68daa2b8dbb2e9f3ace51bcbaa2632c1 breeze-grub-6.0.3.tar.xz
209#83885a3eba356552f094874192c31c28 breeze-plymouth-6.0.3.tar.xz
21052d84e5435c807851e91b31e724b0c2a kactivitymanagerd-6.0.3.tar.xz
2114698864e111f4ca549364fe4fdf09ad3 plasma-integration-6.0.3.tar.xz
212#f8a08001b7a6f5865bceda7a28515308 plymouth-kcm-6.0.3.tar.xz
213699405b00fd157de30a3a0cbd93703a0 xdg-desktop-portal-kde-6.0.3.tar.xz
214497e9cd3c74e79c1401fbacdb5b71513 drkonqi-6.0.3.tar.xz
2159b8d1a55ea8bbddb952bd9736155fbaa plasma-vault-6.0.3.tar.xz
216#069994af9dfd7b42c9408a8cd0fc49b3 plasma-browser-integration-6.0.3.tar.xz
217c2f06a0b32bc4e17441876c2c6bfa6ad kde-cli-tools-6.0.3.tar.xz
2184af7e9b64eaf7e6055a94988bfe0b0e7 systemsettings-6.0.3.tar.xz
219ed18f319cd1e8abc7b6a220983e89dfd plasma-thunderbolt-6.0.3.tar.xz
220#6653173b1b429bd95b9a23a5d9821d5a plasma-nano-6.0.3.tar.xz
221#3e9ad4e8cd7f17c9ec9c27343be81669 plasma-mobile-6.0.3.tar.xz
222#1138655f05d7ad84edf55683c5b6359b plasma-mobile-6.0.3.1.tar.xz
22313f3bd14874ddccbf19a454be09df781 plasma-firewall-6.0.3.tar.xz
2248ae9665bb844ab84a6cbaa3059c64f50 plasma-systemmonitor-6.0.3.tar.xz
225ae65db4bac3bac3cf58ad4198c0b522a qqc2-breeze-style-6.0.3.tar.xz
2263449bff47dd931b1da6e182512034fbc ksystemstats-6.0.3.tar.xz
227787f7051bcc2e1f66dca37bd2326d75e oxygen-sounds-6.0.3.tar.xz
228761ce4d784b8800bb8a51f0b3f8b042d kdeplasma-addons-6.0.3.tar.xz
229#d1513338480b042380a58aed49c1fac9 flatpak-kcm-6.0.3.tar.xz
230512b5cc6ef9cbf22784d97b97dd45632 plasma-welcome-6.0.3.tar.xz
23162c2fa68a55dc36ac182837a8accc892 ocean-sound-theme-6.0.3.tar.xz
232d407dff0646743d613d862d92c118005 print-manager-6.0.3.tar.xz
233#2766783e2a2f2e966bab54eddaf1ce59 wacomtablet-6.0.3.tar.xz
234#d3c59bcf64a487b17e89fbc9ec34a150 kwayland-integration-6.0.3.tar.xz</literal>
235EOF</userinput></screen>
236
237 <note>
238 <title>About Commented Out Packages</title>
239 <para>
240 The breeze-grub, breeze-plymouth, and plymouth-kcm packages above are
241 all for customized support of <ulink
242 url="https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/Plymouth/"
243 >Plymouth</ulink>
244 which is designed to be run within an initial ram disk during boot (see
245 <xref linkend="initramfs"/>).
246
247 The plasma-sdk package is optional and used for software development.
248
249 The plasma-nano package is used for embedded systems.
250
251 The plasma-mobile package provides phone functionality for Plasma.
252
253 The discover package requires <xref linkend="appstream"/> to be built
254 with the -Dqt=true switch.
255
256 The flatpack-kcm package is for managing support of flatpack applications.
257
258 The plasma-browser-integration package is only used by plasma-meta which is
259 not installed by BLFS.
260
261 The wacomtablet application requires plasma5 support.
262
263 Two packages, kwayland-integration-6.0.3 and kwin-6.0.3. have been
264 replaces by 6.0.3.1 versions.
265 </para>
266 </note>
267
268 </sect2>
269
270 <sect2 role="installation">
271 <title>Installation of Plasma</title>
272
273 &as_root;
274
275 <para>
276 First, start a subshell that will exit on error:
277 </para>
278
279<screen><userinput>bash -e</userinput></screen>
280
281 <para>
282 Install all of the packages by running the following
283 commands:
284 </para>
285
286<screen><userinput>while read -r line; do
287
288 # Get the file name, ignoring comments and blank lines
289 if $(echo $line | grep -E -q '^ *$|^#' ); then continue; fi
290 file=$(echo $line | cut -d" " -f2)
291
292 pkg=$(echo $file|sed 's|^.*/||') # Remove directory
293 packagedir=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|\.tar.*||') # Package directory
294
295 tar -xf $file
296 pushd $packagedir
297<!--
298 # Fix some build issues when generating some configuration files
299 case $name in
300 plasma-workspace)
301 sed -i '/set.HAVE_X11/a set(X11_FOUND 1)' CMakeLists.txt
302 ;;
303
304 khotkeys)
305 sed -i '/X11Extras/a set(X11_FOUND 1)' CMakeLists.txt
306 ;;
307
308 plasma-desktop)
309 sed -i '/X11.h)/i set(X11_FOUND 1)' CMakeLists.txt
310 ;;
311 esac
312-->
313 mkdir build
314 cd build
315
316 cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$KF6_PREFIX \
317 -D CMAKE_INSTALL_LIBEXECDIR=libexec \
318 -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release \
319 -D BUILD_QT5=OFF \
320 -D BUILD_TESTING=OFF \
321 -W no-dev .. &amp;&amp;
322
323 make
324 as_root make install
325 popd
326
327<!-- some packages end up with files owned by root in $packagedir,
328 so use as_root for removing -->
329 as_root rm -rf $packagedir
330 as_root /sbin/ldconfig
331
332done &lt; plasma-&plasma-version;.md5
333
334exit</userinput></screen>
335
336 <para>
337 If you did not set <envar>$KF6_PREFIX</envar> to
338 <filename>/usr</filename>, create symlinks to allow display managers to
339 find <application>Plasma</application>, and to allow the XDG Desktop
340 Portal to be detected. As the &root; user:
341 </para>
342
343<screen><userinput># Setup xsessions (X11 sessions)
344install -dvm 755 /usr/share/xsessions
345cd /usr/share/xsessions
346
347[ -e plasma.desktop ] ||
348ln -sfv $KF6_PREFIX/share/xsessions/plasmax11.desktop
349
350# Setup wayland-sessions
351install -dvm 755 /usr/share/wayland-sessions
352cd /usr/share/wayland-sessions
353
354[ -e plasmawayland.desktop ] ||
355ln -sfv $KF6_PREFIX/share/wayland-sessions/plasma.desktop
356<!-- work around a bug in xdg-desktop-portal-->
357# Setup xdg-desktop-portal
358install -dvm 755 /usr/share/xdg-desktop-portal
359cd /usr/share/xdg-desktop-portal
360
361[ -e kde-portals.conf ] ||
362ln -sfv $KF6_PREFIX/share/xdg-desktop-portal/kde-portals.conf
363
364# Setup kde portal
365install -dvm 755 /usr/share/xdg-desktop-portal/portals
366cd /usr/share/xdg-desktop-portal/portals
367
368[ -e kde.portal ] ||
369ln -sfv $KF6_PREFIX/share/xdg-desktop-portal/portals/kde.portal</userinput></screen>
370
371 <para revision="sysv">
372 Useless systemd units have been installed in
373 <filename class="directory">$KF6_PREFIX/lib</filename>. Remove
374 them now (as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>):
375 </para>
376
377<screen role="root"
378 revision="sysv"><userinput>rm -rf $KF6_PREFIX/lib/systemd</userinput></screen>
379
380 </sect2>
381<!--
382 <sect2 role="commands">
383 <title>Command Explanations</title>
384
385 <para>
386 <command>ln -sfv ../code/$(basename $j) $(dirname $j)/../ui/</command>:
387 Create symbolic links so qml files can find needed javascript modules.
388 </para>
389
390 </sect2>
391-->
392 <sect2 role="configuration">
393 <title>Configuring Plasma</title>
394
395 <sect3>
396 <title>Linux PAM Configuration</title>
397
398 <para>
399 If you built Plasma with the recommended <application>Linux
400 PAM</application> support, create necessary configuration files by
401 running the following commands as the <systemitem
402 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
403 </para>
404
405<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/kde &lt;&lt; "EOF"
406<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/kde
407
408auth requisite pam_nologin.so
409auth required pam_env.so
410
411auth required pam_succeed_if.so uid &gt;= 1000 quiet
412auth include system-auth
413
414account include system-account
415password include system-password
416session include system-session
417
418# End /etc/pam.d/kde</literal>
419EOF
420
421cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/kde-np &lt;&lt; "EOF"
422<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/kde-np
423
424auth requisite pam_nologin.so
425auth required pam_env.so
426
427auth required pam_succeed_if.so uid &gt;= 1000 quiet
428auth required pam_permit.so
429
430account include system-account
431password include system-password
432session include system-session
433
434# End /etc/pam.d/kde-np</literal>
435EOF
436
437cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver &lt;&lt; "EOF"
438<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver
439
440auth include system-auth
441account include system-account
442
443# End /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver</literal>
444EOF</userinput></screen>
445 </sect3>
446 </sect2>
447
448 <sect2 role="starting">
449 <title>Starting Plasma</title>
450
451 <para revision="sysv">
452 You can start <application>Plasma</application> from runlevel 3, using
453 <xref linkend="xinit"/>, or from runlevel 5, using a Display Manager,
454 such as <xref linkend="lightdm"/>.
455 </para>
456
457 <para revision="systemd">
458 You can start <application>Plasma</application> from a TTY, using
459 <xref linkend="xinit"/><!--, or from a graphical display manager, such as
460 <xref linkend="sddm"/>-->.
461 </para>
462
463 <para>
464 To start <application>Plasma</application> using <xref linkend="xinit"/>,
465 run the following commands:
466 </para>
467
468<screen role="nodump"><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.xinitrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
469<literal>dbus-launch --exit-with-x11 $KF6_PREFIX/bin/startplasma-x11</literal>
470EOF
471
472startx</userinput></screen>
473
474 <para>
475 The X session starts on the first unused virtual terminal, normally vt7.
476 You can switch to another vt<emphasis>n</emphasis> simultaneously
477 pressing the keys Ctrl-Alt-F<emphasis>n</emphasis>
478 (<emphasis>n</emphasis>=1, 2, ...). To switch back to the X session,
479 normally started at vt7, use Ctrl-Alt-F7. The vt where the command
480 <command>startx</command> was executed will display many messages,
481 including X starting messages, applications automatically started with
482 the session, and eventually, some warning and error messages. You may
483 prefer to redirect those messages to a log file, which not only will keep
484 the initial vt uncluttered, but can also be used for debugging purposes. This
485 can be done starting X with:
486 </para>
487
488 <screen role="nodump"><userinput>startx &amp;&gt; ~/x-session-errors</userinput></screen>
489
490 <para>
491 When shutting down or rebooting, the shutdown messages appear on the vt
492 where X was running. If you wish to see those messages, simultaneously
493 press keys Alt-F7 (assuming that X was running on vt7).
494 </para>
495<!-- Start plasma wayland with
496
497/opt/kf6/lib/libexec/plasma-dbus-run-session-if-needed /opt/kf6/bin/startplasma-wayland
498
499Investigate why it's in /opt/kf6/lib/libexec and not just in /opt/kf6/libexec
500
501
502Now the entry is "plasma (X11)" for Xorg, so I guess this is
503 not needed anymore:
504 <para>
505 If you intend to start <application>Plasma</application> using a
506 display manager such as <xref linkend="lightdm"/>, there will be two entries
507 for <application>Plasma</application>, one for use with
508 <application>Xorg</application>, and another for
509 <application>Wayland</application>. Modify the
510 <application>Xorg</application> entry with the following command, as the
511 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, so that you can
512 differentiate between the two:</para>
513
514<screen role="root"><userinput>sed '/^Name=/s/Plasma/Plasma on Xorg/' -i /usr/share/xsessions/plasma.desktop</userinput></screen>
515-->
516
517 </sect2>
518
519 <sect2 role="content">
520 <title>Contents</title>
521
522 <segmentedlist>
523 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
524 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
525 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
526
527 <seglistitem>
528 <seg>
529 There are too many plasma programs (over 50 in /opt/kf6/bin) to list
530 separately here.
531 </seg>
532 <seg>
533 There are too many plasma libraries (over 250 in /opt/kf6/lib) to list
534 separately here.
535 </seg>
536 <seg>
537 There are too many plasma directories (over 2700 in /opt/kf6) to
538 list separately here.
539 </seg>
540 </seglistitem>
541 </segmentedlist>
542
543 </sect2>
544
545</sect1>
Note: See TracBrowser for help on using the repository browser.