source: postlfs/config/vimrc.xml@ 3df86b66

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Last change on this file since 3df86b66 was 3df86b66, checked in by Larry Lawrence <larry@…>, 19 years ago

incorporate option and parameter tags

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@1249 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<sect1 id="postlfs-config-vimrc" xreflabel="/etc/vimrc, ~/.vimrc">
2<?dbhtml filename="vimrc.html" dir="postlfs"?>
3<title>/etc/vimrc, ~/.vimrc</title>
4
5<para>The <acronym>LFS</acronym> book installs
6<application>vim</application> as its editor. At this point we should
7state that there are a <emphasis>lot</emphasis> of different editors out
8there including <application>emacs</application>,
9<application>nano</application>, <application>joe</application> and many
10more. Anyone who has been around the Internet (especially usenet) for a
11short time will certainly have observed at least one flame war, usually
12involving <application>vim</application> and
13<application>emacs</application> users!</para>
14
15<para>The <acronym>LFS</acronym> book gives a basic <filename>vimrc
16</filename> file. Here, we attempt to enhance this file. At startup,
17<command>vim</command> reads <filename>/etc/vimrc</filename> and
18<filename>~/.vimrc</filename> (i.e., the global
19<filename>vimrc</filename> and the user-specific one.). Note that this is
20only true if you compiled <application>vim</application> using
21<acronym>LFS</acronym>-3.1 onwards. Prior to this,
22the global <filename>vimrc</filename> was <filename>/usr/share/vim/vimrc
23</filename>.</para>
24
25<para>Here is a slightly expanded <filename>vimrc</filename> that you can
26put in <filename>/etc/vimrc</filename> to provide global effect. Of course, if
27you put it into <filename>/etc/skel/.vimrc</filename> instead, it will
28be made available to users you add to the system later. You can also copy
29the file from <filename>/etc/skel/.vimrc</filename> to
30<filename>/etc/vimrc</filename> and the home directory of users already
31on the system, like root. Be sure to set permissions, owner and group if
32you do copy anything directly from <filename>/etc/skel</filename>.</para>
33
34<screen>" Begin .vimrc
35
36set bs=2
37set columns=80
38set background=dark
39set wrapmargin=8
40syntax on
41set ruler
42
43" End .vimrc</screen>
44
45<para>A <acronym>FAQ</acronym> on the lfs mailing lists regards the
46comment tags in <filename>vimrc</filename>. Note that they are " instead
47of the more usual # or //. This is correct, the syntax for <filename>vimrc
48</filename> is slightly unusual.</para>
49
50<para>We'll run through a quick explanation of what each of the
51options in this example file means here:</para>
52<itemizedlist>
53
54<listitem><para><option>set bs=2</option> : This influences the behavior
55of the backspace option. It is fairly complex so see <command>:help 'bs'
56</command> for more details.</para></listitem>
57
58<listitem><para><option>set columns=80</option> : This simply sets the
59number of columns used on the screen.</para></listitem>
60
61<listitem><para><option>set background=dark</option> : This tells
62<command>vim</command> to use colors which look good on a dark
63background.</para></listitem>
64
65<listitem><para><option>set wrapmargin=8</option> : This is the number of
66characters from the right window border where wrapping starts.</para>
67</listitem>
68
69<listitem><para><option>syntax on</option> : Enables
70<command>vim</command>'s syntax highlighting.</para></listitem>
71
72<listitem><para><option>set ruler</option> : This makes <command>vim
73</command> show the current row and column at the bottom right of
74the screen.</para></listitem>
75
76
77</itemizedlist>
78
79<para>More information on the <emphasis>many</emphasis> <command>vim</command>
80options can be found by reading the help inside <command>vim</command> itself.
81Do this by typing <command>:</command><option>help</option> in
82<command>vim</command> to get the general help, or by typing <command>:
83</command><option>help usr_toc.txt</option> to view
84the User Manual Table of Contents.</para>
85
86</sect1>
87
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