Changeset b554263


Ignore:
Timestamp:
12/11/2002 10:50:10 PM (19 years ago)
Author:
Mark Hymers <markh@…>
Branches:
10.0, 10.1, 11.0, 6.0, 6.1, 6.2, 6.2.0, 6.2.0-rc1, 6.2.0-rc2, 6.3, 6.3-rc1, 6.3-rc2, 6.3-rc3, 7.10, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6, 7.6-blfs, 7.6-systemd, 7.7, 7.8, 7.9, 8.0, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4, 9.0, 9.1, basic, bdubbs/svn, elogind, gnome, kde5-13430, kde5-14269, kde5-14686, ken/refactor-virt, krejzi/svn, lazarus, nosym, perl-modules, qt5new, systemd-11177, systemd-13485, trunk, upgradedb, v1_0, v5_0, v5_0-pre1, v5_1, v5_1-pre1, xry111/git-date, xry111/git-date-for-trunk, xry111/git-date-test
Children:
2cda8d5
Parents:
e421318
Message:

add James Robertsons bash profile page

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@448 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

Files:
3 edited

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
  • introduction/welcome/changelog.xml

    re421318 rb554263  
    1010
    1111<itemizedlist>
     12
     13<listitem><para>December 11th, 2002 [markh]: Added 'The Bash Shell
     14Startup Files' by James Robertson.</para></listitem>
    1215
    1316<listitem><para>December 9th, 2002 [larry]: Update to
  • introduction/welcome/credits.xml

    re421318 rb554263  
    4848<listitem><para>Chapter 03: Creating a custom bootdisk <emphasis>Mike
    4949Bedwell</emphasis>.</para></listitem>
     50
     51<listitem><para>Chapter 03: The Bash Shell Startup Files <emphasis>James
     52Robertson</emphasis>.</para></listitem>
    5053
    5154<listitem><para>Chapter 04: <!--<xref
  • postlfs/config/profile.xml

    re421318 rb554263  
    11<sect1 id="postlfs-config-profile">
    22<?dbhtml filename="profile.html" dir="postlfs"?>
    3 <title>/etc/profile and ~/.bash_*</title>
     3<title>The Bash Shell Startup Files</title>
    44
    5 <para>NEW PAGE TO BE WRITTEN</para>
     5<para>The shell program <filename>/bin/bash</filename> (hereafter
     6refered to as just "the shell") uses a collection of startup files to
     7help create an environment to run in.  Each file has a specific use and
     8may affect login and interactive environments differently.</para>
     9
     10<para>An interactive login shell is started after a successful login by
     11<filename>/bin/login</filename> by reading the /etc/passwd file.  An
     12interactive non-login shell is started at the command line (e.g.
     13[prompt]$<userinput>/bin/bash</userinput>).  A non-interactive shell is
     14usually present when a shell script is running.  It is non-interactive
     15because it is processing a script and not waiting for user input between
     16commands.</para>
     17
     18<para>For more information see <filename>info bash</filename> -- Nodes:
     19Bash Startup Files and Interactive Shells</para>
     20
     21<para>The following files are needed to make sure that the correct
     22environment is read for each of the ways the shell can be invoked:
     23<filename>/etc/profile</filename>, <filename>/etc/bashrc</filename>,
     24<filename>~/.bash_profile</filename>, and
     25<filename>~/.bashrc</filename>.  The file
     26<filename>~/.bash_logout</filename> is not used for an invokation of the
     27shell.  It is read by the shell when a user logouts of the system.  The
     28files <filename>/etc/profile</filename> and
     29<filename>~/.bash_profile</filename> are read when the shell is invoked
     30as a interactive login shell.  The file <filename>~/.bashrc</filename>
     31is read when the shell is invoked as an interactive non-login
     32shell.</para>
     33
     34<para>Here is a base <filename>/etc/profile</filename>.</para>
     35
     36<para><screen># Begin /etc/profile
     37# Written for Beyond Linux From Scratch
     38# by James Robertson &lt;jameswrobertson@earthlink.net&gt;
     39
     40# System wide environment variables and startup programs.
     41
     42# System wide aliases and functions should go in /etc/bashrc.  Personal
     43# environment variables and startup programs should go into
     44# ~/.bash_profile.  Personal aliases and functions should go into
     45# ~/.bashrc.
     46
     47# Function to help us manage paths
     48pathman () {
     49        if ! echo $PATH | /bin/egrep -q "(^|:)$1($|:)" ; then
     50                if [ "$2" = "last" ] ; then
     51                        PATH=$PATH:$1
     52                else
     53                        PATH=$1:$PATH
     54                fi
     55        fi
     56}
     57
     58# Add to the standard path.
     59if [ $(id -u) = 0 ] ; then
     60        if [ -d "/usr/local/sbin" ] ; then
     61                pathman /usr/local/sbin last
     62        fi
     63fi
     64
     65if [ $(id -u) != 0 ] ; then
     66        if [ -d "/usr/local/bin" ] ; then
     67                pathman /usr/local/bin last
     68        fi
     69fi
     70
     71if [ -d "/usr/X11R6/bin" ] ; then
     72        pathman /usr/X11R6/bin last
     73fi
     74
     75# Setup some environment variables.
     76HISTSIZE=1000
     77PS1="[\u@\h \w]\\$ "
     78
     79# Setup the INPUTRC environment variable.
     80if [ -z "$INPUTRC" -a ! -f "$HOME/.inputrc" ] ; then
     81        INPUTRC=/etc/inputrc
     82fi
     83
     84# Setup for /bin/ls to support color, the alias is in /etc/bashrc.
     85if [ -f "/etc/dircolors" ] ; then
     86        eval $(dircolors -b /etc/dircolors)
     87
     88        if [ -f "$HOME/.dircolors" ] ; then
     89                eval $(dircolors -b $HOME/.dircolors)
     90        fi
     91fi
     92
     93export PATH HISTSIZE PS1 LS_COLORS INPUTRC
     94
     95# End /etc/profile</screen></para>
     96
     97
     98<para>Here is a base <filename>/etc/bashrc</filename>.  Comments in the
     99file should explain everything you need.</para>
     100
     101<para><screen># Begin /etc/bashrc
     102# Written for Beyond Linux From Scratch
     103# by James Robertson &lt;jameswrobertson@earthlink.net&gt;
     104
     105# System wide aliases and functions.
     106
     107# System wide environment variables and startup programs should go into
     108# /etc/profile.  Personal environment variables and startup programs
     109# should go into ~/.bash_profile.  Personal aliases and functions should
     110# go into ~/.bashrc
     111
     112# By default we want the umask to get set.
     113# Even for non-interactive and non-login shells.
     114if [ "$(id -gn)" = "$(id -un)" -a $(id -u) -gt 99 ] ; then
     115        umask 002
     116else
     117        umask 022
     118fi
     119
     120# Provides a colored /bin/ls command.  Used in conjunction with code in
     121# /etc/profile.
     122alias ls='ls --color=auto'
     123
     124# End /etc/bashrc</screen></para>
     125
     126<para>Here is a base <filename>~/.bash_profile</filename>.  Comments in
     127the file should explain everything you need.</para>
     128
     129<para><screen># Begin ~/.bash_profile
     130# Written for Beyond Linux From Scratch
     131# by James Robertson &lt;jameswrobertson@earthlink.net&gt;
     132
     133# Personal envrionment variables and startup programs.
     134
     135# Personal aliases and functions should go in ~/.bashrc.  System wide
     136# environment variables and startup programs are in /etc/profile.
     137# System wide aliases and functions are in /etc/bashrc.
     138
     139if [ -f "$HOME/.bashrc" ] ; then
     140        . $HOME/.bashrc
     141fi
     142
     143if [ -d "$HOME/bin" ] ; then
     144        pathman $HOME/bin last
     145fi
     146
     147export PATH
     148
     149# End ~/.bash_profile</screen></para>
     150
     151<para>Here is a base <filename>~/.bashrc</filename>.  Comments in the
     152file should explain everything you need.</para>
     153
     154<para><screen># Begin ~/.bashrc
     155# Written for Beyond Linux From Scratch
     156# by James Robertson &lt;jameswrobertson@earthlink.net&gt;
     157
     158# Personal aliases and functions.
     159
     160# Personal environment variables and startup programs should go in
     161# ~/.bash_profile.  System wide environment variables and starup
     162# programs are in /etc/profile.  System wide aliases and functions are
     163# in /etc/bashrc.
     164
     165if [ -f "/etc/bashrc" ] ; then
     166        . /etc/bashrc
     167fi
     168
     169# End ~/.bashrc</screen></para>
     170
     171<para>Here is a base <filename>~/.bash_logout</filename>.  Comments in
     172the file should explain everything you need.</para>
     173
     174<para><screen># Begin ~/.bash_logout
     175# Written for Beyond Linux From Scratch
     176# by James Robertson &lt;jameswrobertson@earthlink.net&gt;
     177
     178# Personal items to perform on logout.
     179
     180# End ~/.bash_logout</screen></para>
     181
     182<para>If you want to use the <filename>/etc/dircolors</filename> or
     183<filename>~/.dircolors</filename> files called from
     184<filename>/etc/profile</filename>, then run the following:
     185<userinput>/bin/dircolors -p > /etc/dircolors</userinput> or
     186<userinput>/bin/dircolors -p > ~/.dircolors</userinput> respectively.
     187The file in the <filename>/etc</filename> directory should be used for
     188global settings and if one exists in your home directory then it will
     189overwrite the global settings.  It might be a good idea to create a base
     190<filename>.dircolors</filename> file and place it in the
     191<filename>/etc/skel</filename> directory for new users.</para>
    6192
    7193</sect1>
    8 
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