wiki:pipewire

Pipewire

Handy link (thanks archetech on #lfs-support): https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/PipeWire
It has some indications for SysV (OpenRC startup).

Wireplumber

Currently Pipewire is only used as a build dependency in the book. To make it really useful, we need to install a session manager. Wireplumber is the recommended session manager.

Wireplumber can be downloaded at https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/pipewire/wireplumber/-/releases.

Required: Glib and Pipewire

Recommended: Lua

Optional dependencies: doxygen, lxml, and gobject-introspection (needed for g-i data), sphinx, and breathe (external, docs)

meson setup --prefix=/usr --buildtype=release -Dsystem-lua=true
ninja 
ninja test
sudo ninja install

With Wireplumber we can run Pipewire daemon with:

  • On systemd:
    sudo systemctl --global enable pipewire.socket
    sudo systemctl --global enable wireplumber
    systemctl --user start pipewire.socket
    systemctl --user start wireplumber
    
  • On SysV (solution by Douglas Reno, adapted from Alpine linux):
    As root:
    cat >/usr/bin/pipewire-launcher.sh <<EOF
    #!/bin/sh
    exec /usr/bin/pipewire &
    sleep 1
    exec /usr/bin/wireplumber &
    EOF
    chmod +x /usr/bin/pipewire-launcher.sh
    cat >/etc/xdg/autostart/pipewire.desktop <<EOF
    [Desktop Entry]
    Version=1.0
    Name=Pipewire
    Comment=Starts the Pipewire daemons
    Exec=/usr/bin/pipewire-launcher.sh
    Terminal=false
    Type=Application
    EOF
    
    then restart the graphical session.

The screen recorder built in GNOME shell should work now.

Replace Pulseaudio

With Wireplumber, Pipewire can function as a drop-in replacement of Pulseaudio:

  • On systemd:
    sudo systemctl --global enable pipewire-pulse.socket
    sudo systemctl --global disable pulseaudio
    
  • On Sysv: add to /usr/bin/pipewire-launcher.sh (after pipewire and before wireplumber):
    exec /usr/bin/pipewire -c pipewire-pulse.conf &
    sleep 1
    
    then move away the file /etc/xdg/autostart/puleaudio.desktop, and change autospawn to "no" in /etc/pulse/client.conf (uncomment it, of course).

Then logout and login again.

Use Pipewire for ALSA-based applications

If Pipewire is running, it will occupy the sound card device and an ALSA-based application cannot use the card at the same time. To work around the issue, tell alsa-lib to use a virtual device provided by Pipewire:

sudo install -vdm755 /etc/alsa/conf.d
sudo ln -sfvr /usr/share/alsa/alsa.conf.d/99-pipewire-default.conf /etc/alsa/conf.d

Bluetooth LDAC support

Install ldacBT before building Pipewire. The link to ldacBT is available on the book page. Installation process of ldacBT:

mkdir build; cd build
cmake .. -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr
make
# no test suite available
sudo make install

Libcamera support

GNOME/Snapshot (a replacement for Cheese) needs a functional pipewire daemon (i. e. requiring wireplumber) built with libcamera.

We can use v4l-utils instead of libcamera. This section only remains here for reference.

libcamera dependencies are listed at https://libcamera.org/getting-started.html. Everything required or recommended is in BLFS, except a Python module named ply.

Install ply (https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/source/p/ply/ply-3.11.tar.gz):

pip3 wheel -w dist --no-build-isolation --no-deps --no-cache-dir $PWD
sudo pip3 install --no-index --find-links=dist --no-cache-dir --no-user ply

There is no website for libcamera release tarballs. Clone the git repository and checkout the latest release tag:

git clone https://git.libcamera.org/libcamera/libcamera.git
git checkout v0.1.0

Now install it:

mkdir build
cd build
meson setup --prefix=/usr --buildtype=release --wrap-mode=nodownload -Dwerror=false
ninja
sudo ninja install

Then (re)build pipewire and libcamera should be automatically detected and enabled.

Last modified 2 months ago Last modified on 09/20/2023 08:38:45 AM
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