Opened 2 months ago

Closed 6 weeks ago

#15578 closed enhancement (fixed)

samba-4.15.0

Reported by: Douglas R. Reno Owned by: Douglas R. Reno
Priority: normal Milestone: 11.1
Component: BOOK Version: git
Severity: normal Keywords:
Cc:

Description

New minor version

Change History (8)

comment:1 by Xi Ruoyao, 2 months ago

PATH=... make quicktest all pass, and it seems the command won't need to be ran as root anymore.

comment:2 by Douglas R. Reno, 2 months ago

Owner: changed from blfs-book to Douglas R. Reno
Status: newassigned

Grab this set of tickets.

comment:3 by Douglas R. Reno, 6 weeks ago

It looks like the Samba release notes mention wanting CVE-2021-37750 fixed in Kerberos. This was fixed in August (our version of KRB5 was released in July). The commit can be found here:

https://github.com/krb5/krb5/commit/d775c95af7606a51bf79547a94fa52ddd1cb7f49

I've crafted a sed that adds those lines in as expected, now running some basic tests on the KRB5 server prior to committing it.

The relevant lines from the release notes are:

New minimum version for the experimental MIT KDC
================================================

The build of the AD DC using the system MIT Kerberos, an
experimental feature, now requires MIT Kerberos 1.19.  An up-to-date
Fedora 34 has this version and has backported fixes for the KDC crash
bugs CVE-2021-37750 and CVE-2021-36222

comment:4 by Douglas R. Reno, 6 weeks ago

Looks like there is a security fix in here too:

CVE-2021-3671: Crash in Heimdal KDC and updated security release policy
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

An unuthenticated user can crash the AD DC KDC by omitting the server
name in a TGS-REQ.  Per Samba's updated security process a specific
security release was not made for this issue as it is a recoverable
Denial Of Service.

See https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba_Security_Proces

Note that we do mention Active Directory support in the book, but we don't provide instructions for it (it's a rather complex setup). I will still document it though for anyone that might be using it.

comment:5 by Douglas R. Reno, 6 weeks ago

With the fix for CVE-2021-37750, things seem to be going OK with KRB5. I was able to get a login ticket and verify that the ticket existed afterwards. Proceeding with the CVE fix for KRB5 first, and then starting this update.

comment:6 by Douglas R. Reno, 6 weeks ago

Release Notes

                   ==============================
                   Release Notes for Samba 4.15.0
                         September 20, 2021
                   ==============================


This is the first stable release of the Samba 4.15 release series.
Please read the release notes carefully before upgrading.


Removed SMB (development) dialects
==================================

The following SMB (development) dialects are no longer
supported: SMB2_22, SMB2_24 and SMB3_10. They are were
only supported by Windows technical preview builds.
They used to be useful in order to test against the
latest Windows versions, but it's no longer useful
to have them. If you have them explicitly specified
in your smb.conf or an the command line,
you need to replace them like this:
- SMB2_22 => SMB3_00
- SMB2_24 => SMB3_00
- SMB3_10 => SMB3_11
Note that it's typically not useful to specify
"client max protocol" or "server max protocol"
explicitly to a specific dialect, just leave
them unspecified or specify the value "default".

New GPG key
===========

The GPG release key for Samba releases changed from:

pub   dsa1024/6F33915B6568B7EA 2007-02-04 [SC] [expires: 2021-02-05]
      Key fingerprint = 52FB C0B8 6D95 4B08 4332  4CDC 6F33 915B 6568 B7EA
uid                 [  full  ] Samba Distribution Verification Key <samba-bugs@samba.org>
sub   elg2048/9C6ED163DA6DFB44 2007-02-04 [E] [expires: 2021-02-05]

to the following new key:

pub   rsa4096/AA99442FB680B620 2020-12-21 [SC] [expires: 2022-12-21]
      Key fingerprint = 81F5 E283 2BD2 545A 1897  B713 AA99 442F B680 B620
uid                 [ultimate] Samba Distribution Verification Key <samba-bugs@samba.org>
sub   rsa4096/97EF9386FBFD4002 2020-12-21 [E] [expires: 2022-12-21]

Starting from Jan 21th 2021, all Samba releases will be signed with the new key.

See also GPG_AA99442FB680B620_replaces_6F33915B6568B7EA.txt

New minimum version for the experimental MIT KDC
================================================

The build of the AD DC using the system MIT Kerberos, an
experimental feature, now requires MIT Kerberos 1.19.  An up-to-date
Fedora 34 has this version and has backported fixes for the KDC crash
bugs CVE-2021-37750 and CVE-2021-36222


NEW FEATURES/CHANGES
====================

VFS
---

The effort to modernize Samba's VFS interface is complete and Samba 4.15.0 ships
with a modernized VFS designed for the post SMB1 world.

For details please refer to the documentation at source3/modules/The_New_VFS.txt
or visit the <https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/The_New_VFS>.


Bind DLZ: add the ability to set allow/deny lists for zone transfer clients
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Up to now, any client could use a DNS zone transfer request to the
bind server, and get an answer from Samba. Now the default behaviour
will be to deny those request. Two new options have been added to
manage the list of authorized/denied clients for zone transfer
requests. In order to be accepted, the request must be issued by a
client that is in the allow list and NOT in the deny list.


"server multi channel support" no longer experimental
-----------------------------------------------------

This option is enabled by default starting with 4.15 (on Linux and FreeBSD).
Due to dependencies on kernel APIs of Linux or FreeBSD, it's only possible
to use this feature on Linux and FreeBSD for now.


samba-tool available without the ad-dc
--------------------------------------

The 'samba-tool' command is now available when samba is configured
"--without-ad-dc". Not all features will work, and some ad-dc specific options
have been disabled. The 'samba-tool domain' options, for example, are limited
when no ad-dc is present. Samba must still be built with ads in order to enable
'samba-tool'.


Improved command line user experience
-------------------------------------

Samba utilities did not consistently implement their command line interface. A
number of options were requiring to specify values in one tool and not in the
other, some options meant different in different tools.

These should be stories of the past now. A new command line parser has been
implemented with sanity checking. Also the command line interface has been
simplified and provides better control for encryption, signing and kerberos.

Previously many tools silently ignored unknown options. To prevent unexpected
behaviour all tools will now consistently reject unknown options.

Also several command line options have a smb.conf variable to control the
default now.

All tools are now logging to stderr by default. You can use "--debug-stdout" to
change the behavior. All servers will log to stderr at early startup until logging
is setup to go to a file by default.

### Common parser:

Options added:
--client-protection=off|sign|encrypt

Options renamed:
--kerberos       ->    --use-kerberos=required|desired|off
--krb5-ccache    ->    --use-krb5-ccache=CCACHE
--scope          ->    --netbios-scope=SCOPE
--use-ccache     ->    --use-winbind-ccache

Options removed:
-e|--encrypt
-C removed from --use-winbind-ccache
-i removed from --netbios-scope
-S|--signing


### Duplicates in command line utils

ldbadd/ldbdel/ldbedit/ldbmodify/ldbrename/ldbsearch:
-e is still available as an alias for --editor,
   as it used to be.
-s is no longer reported as an alias for --configfile,
   it never worked that way as it was shadowed by '-s' for '--scope'.

ndrdump:
-l is not available for --load-dso anymore

net:
-l is not available for --long anymore

sharesec:
-V is not available for --viewsddl anymore

smbcquotas:
--user        ->    --quota-user

nmbd:
--log-stdout  ->    --debug-stdout

smbd:
--log-stdout  ->    --debug-stdout

winbindd:
--log-stdout  ->    --debug-stdout


Scanning of trusted domains and enterprise principals
-----------------------------------------------------

As an artifact from the NT4 times, we still scanned the list of trusted domains
on winbindd startup. This is wrong as we never can get a full picture in Active
Directory. It is time to change the default value to "No". Also with this change
we always use enterprise principals for Kerberos so that the DC will be able
to redirect ticket requests to the right DC. This is e.g. needed for one way
trusts. The options `winbind use krb5 enterprise principals` and
`winbind scan trusted domains` will be deprecated in one of the next releases.


Support for Offline Domain Join (ODJ)
-------------------------------------

The net utility is now able to support the offline domain join feature
as known from the Windows djoin.exe command for many years. Samba's
implementation is accessible via the 'net offlinejoin' subcommand. It
can provision computers and request offline joining for both Windows
and Unix machines. It is also possible to provision computers from
Windows (using djoin.exe) and use the generated data in Samba's 'net'
utility. The existing options for the provisioning and joining steps
are documented in the net(8) manpage.


'samba-tool dns zoneoptions' for aging control
----------------------------------------------

The 'samba-tool dns zoneoptions' command can be used to turn aging on
and off, alter the refresh and no-refresh periods, and manipulate the
timestamps of existing records.

To turn aging on for a zone, you can use something like this:

  samba-tool dns zoneoptions --aging=1 --refreshinterval=306600

which turns on aging and ensures no records less than five years old
are aged out and scavenged. After aging has been on for sufficient
time for records to be renewed, the command

  samba-tool dns zoneoptions --refreshinterval=168

will set the refresh period to the standard seven days. Using this two
step process will help prevent the temporary loss of dynamic records
if scavenging happens before their first renewal.


Marking old records as static or dynamic with 'samba-tool'
----------------------------------------------------------

A bug in Samba versions prior to 4.9 meant records that were meant to
be static were marked as dynamic and vice versa. To fix the timestamps
in these domains, it is possible to use the following options,
preferably before turning aging on.

   --mark-old-records-static
   --mark-records-dynamic-regex
   --mark-records-static-regex

The "--mark-old-records-static" option will make records older than the
specified date static (that is, with a zero timestamp). For example,
if you upgraded to Samba 4.9 in November 2018, you could use ensure no
old records will be mistakenly interpreted as dynamic using the
following option:

  samba-tool dns zoneoptions --mark-old-records-static=2018-11-30

Then, if you know that that will have marked some records as static
that should be dynamic, and you know which those are due to your
naming scheme, you can use commands like:

  samba-tool dns zoneoptions --mark-records-dynamic-regex='\w+-desktop'

where '\w+-desktop' is a perl-compatible regular expression that will
match 'bob-desktop', 'alice-desktop', and so on.

These options are deliberately long and cumbersome to type, so people
have a chance to think before they get to the end. You can make a
mess if you get it wrong.

All 'samba-tool dns zoneoptions' modes can be given a "--dry-run/-n"
argument that allows you to inspect the likely results before going
ahead.

NOTE: for aging to work, you need to have "dns zone scavenging = yes"
set in the smb.conf of at least one server.


DNS tombstones are now deleted as appropriate
---------------------------------------------

When all the records for a DNS name have been deleted, the node is put
in a tombstoned state (separate from general AD object tombstoning,
which deleted nodes also go through). These tombstones should be
cleaned up periodically. Due to a conflation of scavenging and
tombstoning, we have only been deleting tombstones when aging is
enabled.

If you have a lot of tombstoned DNS nodes (that is, DNS names for
which you have removed all the records), cleaning up these DNS
tombstones may take a noticeable time.


DNS tombstones use a consistent timestamp format
------------------------------------------------

DNS records use an hours-since-1601 timestamp format except for in the
case of tombstone records where a 100-nanosecond-intervals-since-1601
format is used (this latter format being the most common in Windows).
We had mixed that up, which might have had strange effects in zones
where aging was enabled (and hence tombstone timestamps were used).


samba-tool dns update and RPC changes
-------------------------------------

The dnsserver DCERPC pipe can be used by 'samba-tool' and Windows tools
to manipulate dns records on the remote server. A bug in Samba meant
it was not possible to update an existing DNS record to change the
TTL. The general behaviour of RPC updates is now closer to that of
Windows.

'samba-tool dns update' is now a bit more careful in rejecting and
warning you about malformed IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.

CVE-2021-3671: Crash in Heimdal KDC and updated security release policy
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

An unuthenticated user can crash the AD DC KDC by omitting the server
name in a TGS-REQ.  Per Samba's updated security process a specific
security release was not made for this issue as it is a recoverable
Denial Of Service.

See https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba_Security_Proces

samba-tool domain backup offline with the LMDB backend
------------------------------------------------------

samba-tool domain backup offline, when operating with the LMDB backend
now correctly takes out locks against concurrent modification of the
database during the backup.  If you use this tool on a Samba AD DC
using LMDB, you should upgrade to this release for safer backups.

REMOVED FEATURES
================

Tru64 ACL support has been removed from this release. The last
supported release of Tru64 UNIX was in 2012.

NIS support has been removed from this release. This is not
available in Linux distributions anymore.

The DLZ DNS plugin is no longer built for Bind versions 9.8 and 9.9,
which have been out of support since 2018.


smb.conf changes
================

  Parameter Name                          Description     Default
  --------------                          -----------     -------
  client use kerberos                     New             desired
  client max protocol                     Values Removed
  client min protocol                     Values Removed
  client protection                       New             default
  client smb3 signing algorithms          New             see man smb.conf
  client smb3 encryption algorithms       New             see man smb.conf
  preopen:posix-basic-regex               New             No
  preopen:nomatch_log_level               New             5
  preopen:match_log_level                 New             5
  preopen:nodigits_log_level              New             1
  preopen:founddigits_log_level           New             3
  preopen:reset_log_level                 New             5
  preopen:push_log_level                  New             3
  preopen:queue_log_level                 New             10
  server max protocol                     Values Removed
  server min protocol                     Values Removed
  server multi channel support            Changed         Yes (on Linux and FreeBSD)
  server smb3 signing algorithms          New             see man smb.conf
  server smb3 encryption algorithms       New             see man smb.conf
  winbind use krb5 enterprise principals  Changed         Yes
  winbind scan trusted domains            Changed         No


CHANGES SINCE 4.15.0rc6
=======================

o  Andrew Bartlett <abartlet@samba.org>
   * BUG 14791: All the ways to specify a password are not documented.

o  Ralph Boehme <slow@samba.org>
   * BUG 14790: vfs_btrfs compression support broken.
   * BUG 14828: Problems with commandline parsing.
   * BUG 14829: smbd crashes when "ea support" is set to no.

o  Stefan Metzmacher <metze@samba.org>
   * BUG 14825: "{client,server} smb3 {signing,encryption} algorithms" should
     use the same strings as smbstatus output.
   * BUG 14828: Problems with commandline parsing.

o  Alex Richardson <Alexander.Richardson@cl.cam.ac.uk>
   * BUG 8773: smbd fails to run as root because it belongs to more than 16
     groups on MacOS X.

o  Martin Schwenke <martin@meltin.net>
   * BUG 14784: Fix CTDB flag/status update race conditions.


CHANGES SINCE 4.15.0rc5
=======================

o  Andrew Bartlett <abartlet@samba.org>
   * BUG 14806: Address a signifcant performance regression in database access
     in the AD DC since Samba 4.12.
   * BUG 14807: Fix performance regression in lsa_LookupSids3/LookupNames4 since
     Samba 4.9 by using an explicit database handle cache.
   * BUG 14817: An unuthenticated user can crash the AD DC KDC by omitting the
     server name in a TGS-REQ.
   * BUG 14818: Address flapping samba_tool_drs_showrepl test.
   * BUG 14819: Address flapping dsdb_schema_attributes test.

o  Luke Howard <lukeh@padl.com>
   * BUG 14817: An unuthenticated user can crash the AD DC KDC by omitting the
     server name in a TGS-REQ.

o  Gary Lockyer <gary@catalyst.net.nz>
   * BUG 14817: An unuthenticated user can crash the AD DC KDC by omitting the
     server name in a TGS-REQ.

o  Andreas Schneider <asn@samba.org>
   * BUG 14817: An unuthenticated user can crash the AD DC KDC by omitting the
     server name in a TGS-REQ.

o  Joseph Sutton <josephsutton@catalyst.net.nz>
   * BUG 14817: An unuthenticated user can crash the AD DC KDC by omitting the
     server name in a TGS-REQ.


CHANGES SINCE 4.15.0rc4
=======================

o  Jeremy Allison <jra@samba.org>
   * BUG 14809: Shares with variable substitutions cause core dump upon
     connection from MacOS Big Sur 11.5.2.
   * BUG 14816: Fix pathref open of a filesystem fifo in the DISABLE_OPATH
     build.

o  Andrew Bartlett <abartlet@samba.org>
   * BUG 14815: A subset of tests from Samba's selftest system were not being
     run, while others were run twice.

o  Ralph Boehme <slow@samba.org>
   * BUG 14771: Some VFS operations on pathref (O_PATH) handles fail on GPFS.
   * BUG 14787: net conf list crashes when run as normal user,
   * BUG 14803: smbd/winbindd started in daemon mode generate output on
     stderr/stdout.
   * BUG 14804: winbindd can crash because idmap child state is not fully
     initialized.

o  Stefan Metzmacher <metze@samba.org>
   * BUG 14771: Some VFS operations on pathref (O_PATH) handles fail on GPFS.


CHANGES SINCE 4.15.0rc3
=======================

o  Bjoern Jacke <bj@sernet.de>
   * BUG 14800: util_sock: fix assignment of sa_socklen.


CHANGES SINCE 4.15.0rc2
=======================

o  Jeremy Allison <jra@samba.org>
   * BUG 14760: vfs_streams_depot directory creation permissions and store
     location problems.
   * BUG 14766: vfs_ceph openat() doesn't cope with dirfsp != AT_FDCW.
   * BUG 14769: smbd panic on force-close share during offload write.
   * BUG 14805: OpenDir() loses the correct errno return.

o  Ralph Boehme <slow@samba.org>
   * BUG 14795: copy_file_range() may fail with EOPNOTSUPP.

o  Stefan Metzmacher <metze@samba.org>
   * BUG 14793: Start the SMB encryption as soon as possible.

o  Andreas Schneider <asn@samba.org>
   * BUG 14779: Winbind should not start if the socket path is too long.

o  Noel Power <noel.power@suse.com>
   * BUG 14760: vfs_streams_depot directory creation permissions and store
     location problems.


CHANGES SINCE 4.15.0rc1
=======================

o  Andreas Schneider <asn@samba.org>
   * BUG 14768: smbd/winbind should load the registry if configured
   * BUG 14777: do not quote passed argument of configure script
   * BUG 14779: Winbind should not start if the socket path is too long

o  Stefan Metzmacher <metze@samba.org>
   * BUG 14607: tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER
   * BUG 14764: aes-256-gcm and aes-256-ccm doesn't work in the server

o Ralph Boehme <slow@samba.org>
   * BUG 14700: file owner not available when file unredable

o Jeremy Allison <jra@samba.org>
   * BUG 14607: tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER
   * BUG 14759: 4.15rc can leak meta-data about the directory containing the
     share path


KNOWN ISSUES
============

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Release_Planning_for_Samba_4.15#Release_blocking_bugs

comment:7 by DJ Lucas, 6 weeks ago

FYI, I would strongly discourage the use of system MIT KRB5, it broke quite a bit in Arch DCs. Basically, you'd need to do a swing migration if switching from Heimdal.

comment:8 by Douglas R. Reno, 6 weeks ago

Resolution: fixed
Status: assignedclosed
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